Seed Certification Dept gets 16 proposals of hybrid rice

National Coordinator on Rice Crop of Pakistan Agriculture Research Council (PARC) has introduced the working papers of all of the 16 proposals of rice hybrids for the advice to the Federal SeedCertification and Registration Department. The proposals had been presented in the meeting of the Variety Evaluation Committee on Rice, which used to be held right here Wednesday with a purpose to make stronger the rice seed business and promote the manufacturing of crop in the nation.

Presiding over the variety evaluation committee assembly, Member Plant Sciences Division, PARC Dr Muhammad Anjum Ali, emphasized the function of quality seed for the productivity and profitability of farmers and appreciated the position of seed companies for making efforts to support the possibility of rice hybrids in Pakistan. Members of Variety Evaluation Committee also liked the position of personal seed companies for taking passion in rice research and development and working in shut collaboration with public sector for boosting the rice output in the country.

Representatives of seed firms liked the role of Pakistan Agricultural Research Council for devising a transparent procedure and setting the new bench marks for checking out of rice hybrids in the country for the benefits of farmers in addition to rice sector

Under the provision of Seed Rules 2016, the standard running procedures for the management of National Uniform Yield Trials and comparable industry were also introduced in the meeting, but even so the it also reviewed the standards for evaluation of rice hybrids for evaluating the hybrids sorts of rice for the approaching crop.

    Representatives of seed firms liked the role of Pakistan Agricultural Research Council for devising a transparent procedure and setting the new bench marks for checking out of rice hybrids in the country for the benefits of farmers in addition to rice sector.

    Among others, the assembly used to be attended by technical members of the committee from National Agriculture Research System of the country together with rice breeders, agronomists, entomologists, pathologists, seed mavens, policy-makers, personal seed companies’ representatives and provincial seed cooperation representatives.

    انگور کی برداشت اور دیکھ بھال

    انگور ایک ایسا پھل ہے جس کا ذکر قرآن پاک میں بھی موجود ہے اور یہ بادشاہوں کاپھل بھی کہلاتا ہے ۔انگور تقریباً دنیا کے ہر ملک میں کاشت کیا جاتا ہے ۔ دنیا میں سب سے زیادہ انگور چین ، امریکہ ، اٹلی اور فرانس میں پیدا ہوتا ہے اور اس کی پیداوار 70ہزار ملین ٹن ہے ۔ 8ہزار سال پہلے تجارتی پیمانے پر جس علاقے میں باقاعدہ طور پر انگور کی کاشت کی گئی تھی اس کو اب مڈل ایسٹ کہتے ہیں ۔ پاکستان میں انگور 15302ہیکٹر رقبے پر کاشت کیا جاتا ہے اور اس کی سالانہ پیداوار 64317ٹن ہے ۔ پاکستان میں سب سے زیادہ انگور بلوچستان میں 15153ہیکٹر رقبے پر کاشت کیاجاتا ہے جس سے مجموعی پیداوار کا 63150 ٹن پھل حاصل ہوتا ہے ۔ اس کے علاوہ اب یہ تقریباً پنجاب کے تمام اضلاع میں بھی کاشت کیا جا رہا ہے اور جنوبی پنجاب میں باقاعدہ طور پر “چولستان گر یپس ویلی “کا اعلان کر دیا گیا ہے جہاں گورنمنٹ آف پنجاب کی مدد سے زمینداروں کو سبسڈی دے کر انگور کی کاشت کی جارہی ہے ۔

    بائیوٹیکنالوجی کیوں ضروری ہے

    جنیاتی طور پر پیدا کردہ فصلوں کے ساتھ جو تحفظ کا احساس ہوتا ہے وہ تمام دوسرے فصلوں میں نہیں ہے کیونکہ تحفظ کو مانپنے کیلئے جو طریقہ کار اپنایا نہیں جاتا ۔سیفٹی کا عمل اس بات کو یقینی بناتا ہے کہ فصلوں میں وہ تمام فوائد موجود ہیں جو دوسری روائتی فصلوں کا غذاؤں میں ہوتے ہیں اور اس میں زیادہ خدشات بھی نہیں ہیں۔ ہمارے مشاہدے میں بات نہیں آئی کہ بائیوانجنیئرغذائیں اب مارکیٹ میں ہیں اور کوئی بھی انسانی صحت سے متعلق خدشات نہیں ہیں اور نہیں ان میں کسی تحفظ کی کمی ہے ان فصلوں کے مقابلے میں جو رائتی طریقوں سے پیدا کی جاتی ہیں ۔سائنسدان اس ٹیکنالوجی کے طریقہ سے مطمئن ہیں۔جو جی ایم غذاؤں کو جانچنے کے لئے اختیار کیا گیا ہے ۔

    Herbs Seeds

    آیئے کچن گارڈننگ شروع تو کریں

    اکثر احباب پوچھتے ہیں کہ ہم بھی کچن گارڈننگ شروع کرنا چاہتے ہیں مگر سمجھ ہی نہیں آتی کیا کریں ، کچھ دوست تو کہیں نہ کہیں سے مٹی گملے اکٹھے کرتے ہیں اور کام شروع کر دیتے ہیں مگر کچھ اگتا ہی نہیں ، دلبرداشتہ ہوکر چھوڑ دیتے ہیں ،ایک بہن نے شکوہ کیا آپ صرف لکھ سکتے ہیں ، کبھی کچھ اگایا بھی ہے کہ نہیں ؟ خوشی ہوتی ہے کہ الحمد اللہ میرے چھوٹے سے کام کی وجہ سے پاکستان کے عام لوگوں میں کچن گارڈننگ کا شعور پیدا ہورہا ہے ،میں خود ابتدا میں ایسے ہی حالات کا شکار رہا ہوں ،سو اپنے تجربات کی روشنی میں کچھ مفید مشورے دینا چاہتا ہوں کہ آپ کچن گارڈننگ شروع تو کریں۔ویسے میں خود ابھی تک محترم طارق تنویر کے مشوروں کا محتاج ہوں ،انہوں نے قدم قدم پر راہنمائی فرمائی جس کی وجہ سے یہ سب کچھ لکھنے کا حوصلہ ہو سکا۔

    Govt planning to establish Ground Water Regulatory Authority

    Annually, round 200 million tonnes of silt is amassing in Tarbella dam while in Mangla dam the amount is 75 million tonnes. The federal govt is planning to ascertain Ground Water Regulatory Authority (GWRA) and has asked the suggestions of the provincial government in this regard.

    Annually, round 200 million tonnes of silt is amassing in Tarbella dam while in Mangla dam the amount is 75 million tonnes.

    All the preparations relating to monsoon flood coverage have been completed and the general meeting to study the flood protection plan will likely be held in June, stated Chairman Federal Flood Commission Ahmad Kamal while briefing the National Assembly Standing Committee on Water Resources.

    The committee assembly, which was held with Nawab Yusuf Talpur in chair, was once knowledgeable by way of chairman FFC that for water conservation several strategies are in pipeline.

    To regulate the over utilization of underground water sources, the government is making plans to arrange GWRA. Similarly the provinces and Higher Education Commission were requested so as to add topics associated with water conservation to the curriculum, said Ahmad Kamal.

    Secretary irrigation Balochistan has complained that the province isn’t getting its full proportion of water. Special secretary irrigation Sindh said that they’re getting 33 % less water than its share.

      The Committee on water resource was knowledgeable that every year around 200 million lots of silt is amassing in Tarbella dam. The proposal of Tarbella’s desilting is currently into account however it is difficult job.

      The committee was informed by means of Join Secretary Water Resource, Syed Mehr Ali Shah that around 200 million tones of silt in amassing in Tarbella reservoir once a year while in Mangla dam the volume of silt accumulation is 75 million tons .
      It was knowledgeable that 60 to 62 million acre ft water is being wasted in Pakistan yearly.

      The committee used to be further informed that for the storage of water 27 dam reservoirs tasks had been initiated.

      Even after the construction of Diamir Bhasha there will likely be no surplus water availability in the gadget.

      Regarding the water provide in the dual towns of Islamabad and Rawalpindi, member committee Ali Nawaz Awan said that the entire requirement of the twin cities is 226 million gallons. Rawalpindi is recently getting 56 million gallons of water, he stated.

      Secretary irrigation Punjab, Amjad Qazi knowledgeable the committee that Punjab govt will complete the construction of Danducha dam inside 3 years. Around 35 million gallons of water in keeping with day of water will be supplied to the twin cities from Daducha dam, he added.

      He said that Punjab has finalized it water policy. Under the water act 2019 water resource commission can be established in the province.

      To withdraw underground water one might be required to get license from the water useful resource fee. Similarly without disposal licence water cannot be disposed off in rivers or canals, he added.

      Secretary irrigation knowledgeable that for the simpler management of water machine Punjab Water Resource Regulatory Authority is being established.

      The committee was informed that Sindh will finalize its water coverage inside six months.

      Basic Organic Gardening Skills for Beginners

      If you love the theory of having your individual natural lawn but haven’t begun to give it a try, or if you’re a gardener just trying to determine what the organic hype is all about, following is a listing of elementary abilities for the new natural gardener to be told and why they are important. The ways related to planting will vary for each crop, and whether or not the crop is sown immediately into the garden or began indoors and transplanted to the garden.

      Making Compost

      Planting intensity, spacing and all requirements for temperature, soil, sun, water and vitamins are all elementary elements for the survival and good fortune of the crop.

      In organic gardening, the process begins and ends with the soil. Instead of relying on synthetic fertilizers to provide nutrient releases for crops, organic gardeners continually paintings to build the fertility of the soil via additions of organic matter. Making compost out of vegetable scraps, crop residue, weeds, manure and other sources ensures the formation of humus, a long-term builder of soil fertility, a lot better than simply tilling these things at once into the soil.

      Starting Plants From Seeds

      To keep totally away from the use and residues of synthetic fertilizers and pesticides, as well as to open up the full selection of crop varietal choices, the ability to begin vegetation from seeds is essential. This ability gives gardeners the option to choose organic qualified seed, to choose or make an natural seed starting mix, and keep watch over all fertilizer and pest regulate inputs related to the crop.

      Proper Planting Techniques

      The ways related to planting will vary for each crop, and whether or not the crop is sown immediately into the garden or began indoors and transplanted to the garden. Planting intensity, spacing and all requirements for temperature, soil, sun, water and vitamins are all elementary elements for the survival and good fortune of the crop. Most plants can have some margin for error, however too many rigidity factors may end up in crop failure. The easiest strategy to decrease issues here is to start small. Get ok with a couple of vegetation at first, after which make bigger as you be informed more.

      Proper Irrigation Techniques

      If you can’t water it, don’t trouble planting it. An inch of precipitation (or irrigation) a week is the standard for summer vegetable gardens. Newly seeded spaces might need a bit of water every day, whilst established plants will carry out better with extra water every time but much less ceaselessly. Some vegetation will require extra water as the fruit develops. Drip irrigation, overhead irrigation and watering via hand all offer their distinctive attributes for the gardener to choose. Again, get ok with a few plants’ wishes ahead of increasing too much.

      Planning a Crop Rotation

      Crop rotation is going hand-in-hand with each soil fertility and pest control. A good crop rotation could have crops with differing nutrient needs and pest threats succeeding one every other on particular lawn rows/beds. For example, beans-corn-potatoes would be a just right succession of plants because those are 3 unrelated crops that take different nutrients from the soil. Crop rotation should be practiced every time a new crop is planted whether in successive years or inside of the same rising season.

      Pest Management

        All of the above knowledge will move some distance in combating insect and disease issues. A well-chosen, planted, and maintained plant could have minimal rigidity elements permitting infestation to happen. However, there are occasions when insect populations or fungal spores are more robust than the garden. Knowing the variations between indicators and symptoms of insect harm and illness injury is important in determining an efficient plan of action. Also, understanding the biology of the extra not unusual destructive bugs, and who their predators are, will also be very useful. Over time, you will develop into more familiar with the threats to particular plants and those choices will become second nature.

        Post-Harvest Plan

        As the season comes into complete swing, the general skill to obtain is that of the use of up the harvest. Most new gardeners are pleasantly surprised at the sudden deluge of produce that turns out to look all of sudden. Share with neighbors and pals. Learn to can, freeze or dry your personal veggies for storage. Donate to a meals bank or soup kitchen. You can feel the satisfaction of self-sufficiency while sharing your abundance with others.

        In a nutshell

        These are skills that all organic growers will frequently strengthen upon. Jump in with both toes, get started small and stay your eyes open. You will be informed so much and you’re going to be amazed at your development from year to year. Most of all, have amusing!

        Use of spurious pesticides on cotton crop rampant

        In Pakistan the pesticide business has an annual turnover of round Rs 12 billions to Rs 14 billions and all the insecticides are being imported since the nation has but to growth on this necessary field. Out of the total import, about 80 consistent with cent of insecticides are used on cotton which is Pakistan’s most dear cash crop and also the main foreign currency echange earner for the rustic.

        Agricultural Pesticides Ordinance

        In 1971, an ordinance called Agricultural Pesticides Ordinance was promulgated by the government to control the import, manufacture, formulation, sale, distribution and use of insecticides in agriculture. The Rules thereunder were framed and notified in 1973. The main goals of the Ordinance and Rules are:

        • Control the import, manufacture, formula, sale and distribution of pesticides.
        • Verify good packing and correct labelling of packing containers;
        • Verify safe dealing with and garage and
        • Verify high quality keep watch over of pesticides.

        Agricultural Pesticides Technical Advisory Committee (APTAC)

        Under the ordinance the government has constituted an Agricultural Pesticides Technical Advisory Committee (APTAC) composed of 18 participants. The committee is answerable for advising the federal government on legal, administrative and technical implications of Agricultural Pesticides Ordinance / Rules, registration of pesticides and drawing up of specification of pesticides.

        Packing and Lable requirements

        So far packing and lable requirements are concerned the lable signifies identify of the product, active ingredient, identify and cope with of registrant, web content material, retail worth, registration bumber, date of check, batch number, date of expiry anti dote, warning and so on. So far because the enforcement of the mentioned ordinance is anxious, at the federal degree the dept of plant coverage, and at the provincial levels departments of agriculture extension in every provinces is responsible.

        In the province of Sindh the enforcement of the said ordinance within the field is performed solely by way of the inspectors designate who are district officers, agriculture, Deputy District deputy district officer agriculture and agriculture officials at Taluka degree. No doubt, these district officers are under the executive district officials (EDO), agriculture however having no power of an inspector the EDO looks useless in respect of enforcement of the Pesticide Ordinance 1971.

        Substandard Insecticides Samples

        In the higher Sindh area to stay checks on the sale of spurious or substandard insecticides samples of insecticides are accrued by means of the pesticide inspector designate and despatched to Sukkur the place an authorised officer despatched it onward to A pesticide laboratory at Rohri after vital coding, which is meant to be secret. Testing results of each and every pesticide is then sent to the chief chemist at Hyderabad where the result’s compiled and sent either to The involved DDO’s or the dealers directly (as informed) from the DG workplace. Apparently the device look excellent and transparent however in actual sense it is not so.

        Lab Assessments Of Pesticide Samples

        Allegations abound that pesticide samples taken for lab assessments are replaced or desired result of tests are at various levels – involved in consideration. During the present cotton season I had an opprotynity to seek advice from cotton fields in Kingri taluka in Khairpur district where haris confirmed me empty bottles of pesticides they had used i Used To Be surprised to look that all of the insecticides have been faux.They have been: Danital 10 EC, Permasact 25EC. Mecon Top 20 EC, and Pepto Kill 10 EC.

        Danital 30 EC

        Here it could be correct to say that Danital sold out there beneath this logo name is “Danital 30 EC” of which importer is M/s Arrysta Agro Pakistan (Private) Ltd. Its litre pack MRP: Price is Rs 930.00 and in keeping with acre dose for noticed bollworm is 250 ml. On the opposite fake logo of Danital is of 10 EC and MRP Rs 1200.00 and recommended dose is only 300-350 ml in keeping with acre. Here it will be relevant to say that with 10 EC active ingredient exact dose will have to were 750 ml per acre and MRP Rs 400 in keeping with litre.

        Mecontop and Hepto

        The irony is that because of corruption, which is rampant , within the enforcement of Agricultural Pesticides Ordinance now not only the poor innocent growers is struggling but the very agriculture sector of Sindh province is the sufferer. So some distance different fake logo of pesticides viz: Permasact (which precise used to be Permasect of R B Awari Pesticide company), Mecontop and Hepto Kill are concerned its laboratory, as imprinted on the lable, are M/s Pak China Chemicals Lahore and Distributor M/s Rehbar Agro Chemicals (No address) as might be noticed in the photograph. Besides labels on those merchandise shows many errors, such as no registration number, improper active ingredient, mistakes of spelling of many words, and so on.

        Growers Of Sindh towards pesticide purchase and application strategy

        However, when the very landlord of Pirjogoth used to be apprised of the entire pretend insecticides provided by means of his relied on local pesticide broker it was once discovered difficult to just accept via him. However, once I asked him in nationwide passion to lend a hand me in apprehending the very unscrupulous pesticide dealer he declined pronouncing that the very pesticide broker use to provide him complete inputs for his land. What a pityAction in opposition to the dealer approach discontinuation of future assist (credit score on top interest) which is vital for the survival for majority of the growers of Sindh regardless of small or large.

        Out of curiosity to grasp whether or not samples of those pretend manufacturers of pesticides had been drawn via the insecticides inspector of the agriculture extension when I visited the place of work of the agriculture, Khairpur, it was once observed that majority of the samples drawn all over the month of July, August and September 2004 cotton season were of firm or reputed corporations or vendors which used to be reflective of the information got from the pesticide dealers and my very own observations.

        Suggestions:

        1. Since the present system of enforcement of the pesticide ordinance is corruption ridden a revolutionary alternate through native our bodies gadget is unavoidable.
        2. Powers of Executive District Officer Agriculture will have to be enhanced in order that unbridal pesticide inspectors could be brought under the regulate of the district management (District Nazim).
        3. Among the regulatory tasks since enforcement of Agricultural Pesticide Ordinance 1971 could also be the duty of Federal Plant Protection Department, in stead of acting as a silent spectator, the DPP also will have to come forward in the field the usage of services of its Regional Entomologists based totally at Khairpur in Sindh, Multan and Lahore in Punjab, Quetta in Balochistan and Peshawar in NWFP, solely for strict watch on labels requirements.
        4. Pesticide containers must contain importers guarantee against the pesticides bought in the market via dealers.

        Heath benefits of Fig (Anjeer)

        Fig carica L. is an important member of the genus Ficus. It is ordinarily deciduous and frequently referred to as fig.

        The not unusual fig is a tree native to southwest Asia and the jap Mediterranean and it is one of the first crops that were cultivated by way of humans. The fig is the most important harvest international for its dry and recent intake. Its common edible section is the fruit which is fleshy, hole, and receptacle . There aren’t any Ficus species native to Hawai’i. F. carica is certainly one of about 60 species of Ficus this is cultivated in Hawai’i. Each Ficus species needs a particular pollinating wasp with a view to reproduce and unfold.

        The pollinator wasp for F. carica, Blastophaga psenses (L.), was presented to Hawai’i in 1909. The genus Ficus is made up of about 1,000 species from pan tropical and subtropical origins. Plants in the genus are all woody ranging from timber and shrubs to climbers. The Latin identify carica is known as for the location Caria in Asia Minor which is supposedly the house of the fig. Several varieties of F. carica are grown in Hawai’i, including the Smyrna fig the brown or Turkey fig and the white and golden fig. About 60 species of Ficus were presented to Hawai’i for cultivation and reforestation.

        Fig carica L. is an important member of the genus Ficus. It is ordinarily deciduous and frequently referred to as fig.

        Shrubs or small bushes deciduous to five meter its top. Roots aren’t adventitious. Bark grayish reasonably roughened. Branch shall we pubescent. Leaves: stipules 1-1.2 cm petiole eight-20 cm. Leaf blade obovate nearly orbiculate or ovate palmately 3-five lobed, 15-30 x 15-30 cm base cordate, margins undulate or irregularly dentate apex acute to obtuse surfaces abaxially and adaxially scabrous pubescent basal veins 5 pairs lateral veins irregularly spaced. Syconia solitary, sessile, green, yellow, or red-purple pyriform five-8 cm pubescent peduncle ca. 1 cm subtending bracts ovate 1-2 mm ostiole with three subtending bracts umbonate.

          Carica are normally propagated via cuttings. The fruit (syconium or fig) and reproduction systems of species within the genus Ficus are unique. Each species of Ficus has an associated species of agaonid wasp (Hymenoptera: Chalcoidea: Agaonidae). Ficus species can best be pollinated by their related agaonid wasps and in flip the wasps can handiest lay eggs inside their related Ficus fruit. For successful pollination and copy of Ficus species to happen its Beside its fit for human consumption uses the fig fruit has been used in conventional medication as a laxative due to the prime content of sugars and mucilages. The pulp has emollient and ant inflammatory houses. Leaves are regarded as a standard treatment for diabetes in Spain and Southwestern Europe.

          In India the plant frequently known as Anjir has been used as chewed leaves to regard jaundice and likewise liver and spleen issues. The latex acquired from leaves has been used topically to regard warts, insect bites and thorn pricks.
          Fig is harvested at totally ripened degree Fruit is picked through hand. It is the vital workout to get the wholesome fruit as a result of fruit skin may be very refined and simply damaged via mishandling of fruits. Fig mosaic and fig stem borer are main problems.

          Average yield of a fig plant fruit is eight-16 kilo grams But yield depend upon other climatic stipulations and cultivations. An average manufacturing of fig is 25 lots in step with hectare. Shelf life of fig isn’t much it near 2-three but offering therapies it’ll be increased.