Use of spurious pesticides on cotton crop rampant
In Pakistan the pesticide business has an annual turnover of round Rs 12 billions to Rs 14 billions and all the insecticides are being imported since the nation has but to growth on this necessary field. Out of the total import, about 80 consistent with cent of insecticides are used on cotton which is Pakistan’s most dear cash crop and also the main foreign currency echange earner for the rustic.
Agricultural Pesticides Ordinance
In 1971, an ordinance called Agricultural Pesticides Ordinance was promulgated by the government to control the import, manufacture, formulation, sale, distribution and use of insecticides in agriculture. The Rules thereunder were framed and notified in 1973. The main goals of the Ordinance and Rules are:
- Control the import, manufacture, formula, sale and distribution of pesticides.
- Verify good packing and correct labelling of packing containers;
- Verify safe dealing with and garage and
- Verify high quality keep watch over of pesticides.
Agricultural Pesticides Technical Advisory Committee (APTAC)
Under the ordinance the government has constituted an Agricultural Pesticides Technical Advisory Committee (APTAC) composed of 18 participants. The committee is answerable for advising the federal government on legal, administrative and technical implications of Agricultural Pesticides Ordinance / Rules, registration of pesticides and drawing up of specification of pesticides.
Packing and Lable requirements
So far packing and lable requirements are concerned the lable signifies identify of the product, active ingredient, identify and cope with of registrant, web content material, retail worth, registration bumber, date of check, batch number, date of expiry anti dote, warning and so on. So far because the enforcement of the mentioned ordinance is anxious, at the federal degree the dept of plant coverage, and at the provincial levels departments of agriculture extension in every provinces is responsible.
In the province of Sindh the enforcement of the said ordinance within the field is performed solely by way of the inspectors designate who are district officers, agriculture, Deputy District deputy district officer agriculture and agriculture officials at Taluka degree. No doubt, these district officers are under the executive district officials (EDO), agriculture however having no power of an inspector the EDO looks useless in respect of enforcement of the Pesticide Ordinance 1971.
Substandard Insecticides Samples
In the higher Sindh area to stay checks on the sale of spurious or substandard insecticides samples of insecticides are accrued by means of the pesticide inspector designate and despatched to Sukkur the place an authorised officer despatched it onward to A pesticide laboratory at Rohri after vital coding, which is meant to be secret. Testing results of each and every pesticide is then sent to the chief chemist at Hyderabad where the result’s compiled and sent either to The involved DDO’s or the dealers directly (as informed) from the DG workplace. Apparently the device look excellent and transparent however in actual sense it is not so.
Lab Assessments Of Pesticide Samples
Allegations abound that pesticide samples taken for lab assessments are replaced or desired result of tests are at various levels – involved in consideration. During the present cotton season I had an opprotynity to seek advice from cotton fields in Kingri taluka in Khairpur district where haris confirmed me empty bottles of pesticides they had used i Used To Be surprised to look that all of the insecticides have been faux.They have been: Danital 10 EC, Permasact 25EC. Mecon Top 20 EC, and Pepto Kill 10 EC.
Danital 30 EC
Here it could be correct to say that Danital sold out there beneath this logo name is “Danital 30 EC” of which importer is M/s Arrysta Agro Pakistan (Private) Ltd. Its litre pack MRP: Price is Rs 930.00 and in keeping with acre dose for noticed bollworm is 250 ml. On the opposite fake logo of Danital is of 10 EC and MRP Rs 1200.00 and recommended dose is only 300-350 ml in keeping with acre. Here it will be relevant to say that with 10 EC active ingredient exact dose will have to were 750 ml per acre and MRP Rs 400 in keeping with litre.
Mecontop and Hepto
The irony is that because of corruption, which is rampant , within the enforcement of Agricultural Pesticides Ordinance now not only the poor innocent growers is struggling but the very agriculture sector of Sindh province is the sufferer. So some distance different fake logo of pesticides viz: Permasact (which precise used to be Permasect of R B Awari Pesticide company), Mecontop and Hepto Kill are concerned its laboratory, as imprinted on the lable, are M/s Pak China Chemicals Lahore and Distributor M/s Rehbar Agro Chemicals (No address) as might be noticed in the photograph. Besides labels on those merchandise shows many errors, such as no registration number, improper active ingredient, mistakes of spelling of many words, and so on.
Growers Of Sindh towards pesticide purchase and application strategy
However, when the very landlord of Pirjogoth used to be apprised of the entire pretend insecticides provided by means of his relied on local pesticide broker it was once discovered difficult to just accept via him. However, once I asked him in nationwide passion to lend a hand me in apprehending the very unscrupulous pesticide dealer he declined pronouncing that the very pesticide broker use to provide him complete inputs for his land. What a pityAction in opposition to the dealer approach discontinuation of future assist (credit score on top interest) which is vital for the survival for majority of the growers of Sindh regardless of small or large.
Out of curiosity to grasp whether or not samples of those pretend manufacturers of pesticides had been drawn via the insecticides inspector of the agriculture extension when I visited the place of work of the agriculture, Khairpur, it was once observed that majority of the samples drawn all over the month of July, August and September 2004 cotton season were of firm or reputed corporations or vendors which used to be reflective of the information got from the pesticide dealers and my very own observations.
- Since the present system of enforcement of the pesticide ordinance is corruption ridden a revolutionary alternate through native our bodies gadget is unavoidable.
- Powers of Executive District Officer Agriculture will have to be enhanced in order that unbridal pesticide inspectors could be brought under the regulate of the district management (District Nazim).
- Among the regulatory tasks since enforcement of Agricultural Pesticide Ordinance 1971 could also be the duty of Federal Plant Protection Department, in stead of acting as a silent spectator, the DPP also will have to come forward in the field the usage of services of its Regional Entomologists based totally at Khairpur in Sindh, Multan and Lahore in Punjab, Quetta in Balochistan and Peshawar in NWFP, solely for strict watch on labels requirements.
- Pesticide containers must contain importers guarantee against the pesticides bought in the market via dealers.