Orchids: Exotic plants

For thousands and thousands of years the most important circle of relatives in the kingdom of plants, the orchids, abounded in the world of tropical rain forests. Orchids belong to the monocotyledon category of crops along side palms, bananas or araceae, the variation being that orchids have absolutely advanced flowers that are perennial and capable of lengthy life.

Plato and a disciple of Aristotle, used the word “orchi” in his e book, Investigation of Plants, which later developed into “orchid.” Even in early times in China the orchid flower was held in such high esteem that the good Chinese sage Confucius in comparison the orchid flower to the “perfect and superior man” and the odor of the bloom to the “joys of friendship.”

Theophrastus (c.372-c.287 BC)

There are four classes of orchids Epiphytes — air vegetation which hang to branches of timber by way of their roots; Terrestrials — that grow within the floor and are discovered mostly in cooler climates; Saprophytes — that grow in decaying vegetation on the wooded area floor; Lithophytes — that grasp to rock faces or crevices.
Orchids are unique plants, the results of nature performing at its highest. The orchid family known as Orchidaceae has 750 genera, 25,000-30,000 species and more than 125,000 hybrids of which the quantity assists in keeping expanding yearly. Hybrids are created by cross-breeding species. They also are created through combining two or extra genera which can be referred to as inter-generic hybrids. All new hybrids have to be recognised and named by way of The International Orchid Commission in collaboration with the Royal Horticultural Society of Great Britain. It additionally acts as a global registration authority for orchids. Some 3,000 to 4,000 hybrids are produced every year but most effective the easiest get reputation which are then produced commercially.

Greek philosopher, Theophrastus (c.372-c.287 BC), who used to be a student of Plato and a disciple of Aristotle, used the word “orchi” in his e book, Investigation of Plants, which later developed into “orchid.” Even in early times in China the orchid flower was held in such high esteem that the good Chinese sage Confucius in comparison the orchid flower to the “perfect and superior man” and the odor of the bloom to the “joys of friendship.”

History additionally tells us that vanilla essence, used international as of late, is a manufactured from the orchid flower named ‘Vanilla Planifolia’. It used to be identified for centuries to the Aztecs and attracted the eye of the Western global in 1520 when Bernard Diaz, a Spanish conqueror, whilst in Mexico observed the Emperor Montezuma consuming chocolate flavoured with ground vanilla pods. The Spanish took the vanilla back with them to Spain from the place it was presented into Europe.

There is a false impression that growing orchids is hard and that they need a lawn and a big space. Nothing will also be farther from fact. In fact, they may be able to be grown even on a balcony making it an ideal plant for apartment dwellers.

The best section is that no soil is wanted which makes it a blank grower. It is grown in media consisting of coconut husk or coco chip, ground charcoal and a couple of broken crocks. As a long way as watering is concerned the plant just wishes a cup an afternoon.

Karachi’s weather is ideal for growing this glamorous plant. Dendrobiums, Cattleyas, Phalaenopsis, Oncidiums, Ascocendas, Vandas, Miltonias, Epidendrums, Rhyncostylis, Bulbophyllums, Ludisias, Liparis, Laeliocattleyas, Brassias, Tolumnias, Coelogyne, Paphiopedilums or The Lady Slipper Orchid, Cymbidiums and Angraecums are just a few which do rather well here. They bloom at other occasions of the 12 months because of this your garden will have color all over the yr. Certain sorts just like the Phalaenopsis, also referred to as The Moon Flower, blooms for three months at a time. Dendrobium plants ultimate for over a month, however Cattleyas ultimate for 2 weeks handiest.

During summer time most orchids must be evaded direct midday sun except Dendrobiums. Ideally they need early morning or overdue afternoon solar in this period and virtually complete solar in winter. But Phals, Paphiopedilums, and Ludisia always want filtered solar (shade). Roughly six to seven hours of shiny mild is wanted by means of orchids to bloom neatly.

This article would be incomplete if no mention is fabricated from the super paintings that the Karachi University is doing relating to tissue culture of orchids. It is a pleasure visiting their greenhouses with thousands of those beauties on display. The division of tissue culture and biotechnology must be congratulated on the great research they are doing on this box.

I Hope that this article would transfer numerous people residing in high-rise buildings to grow and revel in this exotic plant which is bound to complement everyone’s existence as it has enriched mine with its amazingly diverse good looks, colours, shapes and aromas. It is value stating that orchids are available at most nurseries at very reasonable prices which must be encouraging to fanatics.

September Flowers: What’s in Season

September Flowers: Fall is the real gardening season in all climates where winters are mild. Southern plains of Pakistan are no exception either. This is the reason that major gardening activity is in winter in lahore, Karachi, Peshawar and other lowers plains areas. The plants which grow in summer in cool climates of UK and Europe grows in winter of lahore. This is the reason many winter annuals grown in lahore are actually summer flowering in cool climates. There are 3 main tips for these annuals.

1- Feed DAP every 2 weeks in low quantity
2- Remove early buds to get healthy plant and then allow it to flower
3- Remove spent flowers to increase flowering

You can buy premium quality winter season flowers at Gardening Shop (Karachi) delivery all over Pakistan


Easiest and longest blooming flower. Single type is very famous. Comes in various shapes like star, picotee etc.

Flowering: December – May
Growth Ease: Very easy
Germination: Moderate to difficult
Sun required: Full sun
Famous series: Falcon F1 is winner. Ultra series (blue star, red star etc.) is good too .

You can buy premium quality winter season flowers at Gardening Shop (Karachi) delivery all over Pakistan


Pansy grows in semi shade too. Flowers even for a child too. Long blooming period.Grows good in pots too. Urdu name is banafsha.
Flowering: January – May
Growth Ease: Very easy
Germination: Moderate to difficult
Sun required: Full sun – Semi shade

You can buy premium quality winter season flowers at Gardening Shop (Karachi) delivery all over Pakistan
Famous series: Magestic giants is good. Swiss giants comes on second number. My personal favorite is Mammoth.


A very beautiful annual from south africa. Very heat tolerant. Flowers till June and more. 
Flowering: February- June
Growth Ease: Very easy
Germination: Moderate
Sun required: Full sun
Famous series: Daybreak mix is good. Daybreak 2 is also good.


Both indian and pakistani dahlia are available. Pakistani is grown from seed and flower is single or semi-double. Indian one is grown from cuttings and flowers are double and very large. Stacking is required. Indian one needs more care than pakistani one specially in severe winter. you can buy cheap cuttings in october/november or buy small plants early in season. you can save tuber for next month while keeping it in soil. Not grown good from tubers in my experience.

You can buy premium quality winter season flowers at Gardening Shop (Karachi) delivery all over Pakistan

Flowering: December- June
Growth Ease: Easy – Moderate
Germination: Easy
Sun required: Full sun
Famous series: In Pakistani dahlia, figoro and diablo are good. Indian ones, buy a plant with lots of side shoots.


Freesia is super easy to grow from bulb and it is fragrant too.

You can buy premium quality winter season flowers at Gardening Shop (Karachi) delivery all over Pakistan


Ranunculus grows from both seeds and corms. Plants grown from seeds have larger flowers than corms so i prefer to buy seed grown seedling from nurseries which is cheap.

You can buy premium quality winter season flowers at Gardening Shop (Karachi) delivery all over Pakistan

Remember not to deep plant the seedling of ranunculus in soil bed. The seedlings grow new shoots from much above the soil level. Also it needs to be protected from march rains.

Flowering: February- May
Growth Ease: Easy
Germination: From corm easy, From seed moderate to difficult
Sun required: Full sun
Famous series: The seed grown is asiaticus bloomingdale. Corm is probably different variety.


Although a cool climate plant, it grows very good in semi shade and shade and flower is the most beautiful flower you will ever ever ever see. It is mostly germinated in murree and brought to lahore in winters. You can get seedlings easily at cheap price in start of season in October – November.
Flowering: February- May
Growth Ease: Easy
Germination: Difficult
Sun required:Shade – Semi shade
Famous series: N/A

You can buy premium quality winter season flowers at Gardening Shop (Karachi) delivery all over Pakistan


Another easy to grow from corm. Although it is grown from seed too but i never tried it from seed. Very easy to grow and flower.


Hyacinth is another fragrant plant for cool climates so an annual here. You must try hyacinth in glass jar which is super easy to flower. 

You can buy premium quality winter season flowers at Gardening Shop (Karachi) delivery all over Pakistan

Other easy to grow winter annuals include Cineraria (Good for shade), Dianthus, carnation, Salvia(Red is good for our climate), Verbena, alyssum, hollyhock, calendula, phlox etc.


26 Best Perennial Flowers for Your Garden

Perennials are flowers or plants that live for more than two years and return year after year blooming on their own. This is due to the flowers far-reaching roots which allow for better access to nutrients meaning a longer lifespan and less upkeep for you!

As if their easy-to-grow nature didn’t just bump them up to the top of your must-have list, these flowers also tend to be low maintenance, have the ability to withstand harsh climates and come in a wide variety of colors, shapes and sizes. Perennial flowers are also a great option if you’re looking to add vertical interest to your garden since they are known for building on their growth year after year.

Although a strong contender, perennials aren’t the only flower on the market. Plants and flowers are commonly categorized as either annual, biennial or perennial and knowing the difference between these common terms will help you make a more educated selection for your garden.

What is The Difference Between Annual and Perennial?

Annual plants are those that live for only one growing season before producing seeds and dying. Biennial plants are those that live for two growing seasons and perennial plants are those that live for more than two years.

In general, annual and biennial plants will require more upkeep from you. Not to mention, at the end of their growing seasons you’ll have to pull them from your garden and start anew.

Whether you’re looking to enjoy full foliage or beautiful blooms, perennials are just what you should consider to keep your garden sustainably beautiful for years to come. Find the best flowers for your needs by scrolling through our handy guide below categorized by the sun needs of each flower. Planting perennials where they are most likely to thrive will make it easier for you to grow a successful and beautiful garden.

Best Perennials For Sun

Give the sunny spots in your garden the splash of color they deserve. Scroll through our list of the best perennials for the sun below. With gardening information and helpful facts, you’ll have the right flower picked out in no time at all.

1. Blanket Flower 

The blanket flower is best known for it’s long seasonal bloom and daisy-like flowers that can be found in rich shades of orange, wine red and yellow. Petals have a tubular shape and are frilled at the edges.

best perennials for sun

2. Pineapple Sage 

Known for it’s attractive pineapple scent, this seasonal treat features red tubular flowers and leafy stems that thrive in full sunlight and well-drained soil.

pineapple sage best perennial

3. May Night Sage 

This showy perennial grows in tall spikes of indigo flowers with lush green foliage. The flower also has an outstanding cold hardiness and is the perfect fit if you live in cooler climates.

best perennial flowers

4. Tickseed

This perennial flower is prized for its long bloom period where you can find bright yellow petals with a dark brown center. Tickseed is known as one of the easiest-to-grow perennials and stands anywhere between 1-2 feet tall.

best perennial flowers for sun

5. Black-eyed Susan

A few black-eyed susans will add a vast amount of color to any garden. These perennials provide bright yellow and orange blossoms and also make for great cut flowers.

best perennials black eyed susan

6. Coneflower

This perennial flower is commonly mistaken for a daisy because of it’s bright bloom in a variety of colors including pink, purple, red and white. Coneflowers are relatively drought-tolerant, good for cut flowers and also invite songbirds where they are planted.

best perennials for sun coneflower

7. Daylily

The daylily is oftentimes referred to as “the perfect perennial” because of its vibrant colors and ability to thrive in both frost-like climates as well as the heat. The beautiful flowers are short lived with a lifespan of only one day, although a mature daylily can produce over 200-400 blooms per month. With a shorter blooming season, this perennial would be a nice surprise blossom in any garden.

daylily best perennials for sun

8. Peony

One of the more beautiful perennials, peonies offer a gorgeous bloom in springtime with colors including pink, red, white and yellow. Peonies are a popular cut flower, make for gorgeous bouquets and have a wonderful fragrance. Fun fact: Some peonies have been known to live over 100 years old.

peony best perennials for sun

9. Russian sage

This tall and airy perennial grows in spike-like clusters that feature a lavender-blue color and offer a more fragrant foliage. This heat-loving and drought resistant plant is superb for any garden.

best perennial flowers

10. Sea Holly

Noted for its silvery-blue bracts, the sea holly features thistle-like blooms that are great for flower bouquets. This perennial is sure to add some interest to any garden, backyard or flower bouquet.

sea holly best perennial flowers

11. Stonecrop

This perennial is commonly known by a few names including stonecrop, orpine or live-forever. It typically grows upright with branched stems featuring small star-like flowers in hues of pink to reddish purple.

best perennial flowers

12. Yarrow 

The Yarrow wildflower is loved for providing a vast amount of blooms featuring tightly-packed clusters of small flowers. These hardy perennials blossom in summertime and feature a variety of colors including mustard yellow, pink and red.

yarrow best perennials

13. Daffodils

Known as one of the most recognizable perennials and a sure sign that spring is here, daffodils have attractive flowers with six outer petals and a trumpet or cup-shaped center. They thrive in full sun and grow anywhere between 1-1.5 feet tall.

perennials for sun

14. Forget-me-not

You won’t be able to forget this perennial flower with blossoms that feature five baby blue petals with yellow centers. Forget-me-nots can also be found in pink and white colors, although the baby blue is the most favored.

best perennial flowers

15. Catmint

The lavender flowers of this drought-tolerant perennial are found in violet and white hues. Blooms grow in a spike-like fashion with abundant foliage that make for attractive hedges.

best perennials

best perennials for shade

Best Perennials for Shade

Looking for a flower that will thrive in the shady areas of your garden? Browse our list of  shade-loving perennials to find the best solution for you!

16. False Goat’s Beard

Astilbe are shade-loving perennials that feature feathery, plume-like flowers in a handful of colors including pink, red and white. The blossoms rise above the flowers fern-like foliage and will surely make a statement in your garden.

false goats beard best perennials

17. Bleeding Heart

Once you get a look at this perennial you’ll understand its common name. The heart-shaped flowers that bloom in hues of pink or white will bring welcomed attention to any garden. Bleeding hearts thrive in the shade and are also commonly used for cut flowers

best perennial flowers

18. Bugleweed

Bugleweed prefer the shade and are known for their shiny, dark green leaves and full foliage. Blue-violet flowers can appear anytime from mid to late spring and rise above the foliage when in bloom. This perennial is known for “carpeting” the ground, so be sure to maintain it because this fast spreading perennial is known to take over quickly.  

best perennial flowers for shade

19. Spiked Speedwell

Commonly known as the spiked speedwell, this clump-forming perennial produces a summer bloom of small star-shaped flowers with tall upright stems. They grow in  shades of violet-blue, pink and white and also feature medium green foliage.

spiked speedwell

20. Garden Phlox

The garden phlox is an upright perennial that grows in clumps that bloom between July and September. The flower features five flat-like petals that can be found in a handful of colors including white, lavender, pink rose, red and bicolor.

best perennials for shade

21. Asters

Commonly known as asters, the latin word for “star,” this perennial blooms between late spring and early fall. Its blossoms offer a handful of colors, including white, blue, indigo, violet, red and pink. Pinching in the early summer will increase the yield of flower buds you’ll get and be sure to plant them in a shady area of your garden.

best perennials for shade

22. Toad Lily

This hardy perennial offers flowers that are often mistaken as orchids spotted with hues of blue or purple. The toad lily prefers light shade and it’s late bloom makes this flower the perfect addition for a fall garden.

best perennial flowers for shade

23. Spurge

This perennial grows upright and features bluish-green leaves that are arranged in a spiral along the stems. Atop the stems grow small bushels of yellow or green flowers. These perennials thrive in a Mediterranean-type climate.

best perennials for shade

24. Mums 

Chrysanthemums, also known as “Mums,” bloom in a variety of colors including, blue, green, orange, pink, red and white. This late-season flower delivers color and also makes for great cut flowers and beautiful groundcover.

best perennials for shade

25. Cranesbill

The cranesbill flower is said to be one of the toughest shade-loving perennials due to its ability to withstand heat and drought conditions. The flowers small petals blossom in spring and feature a variety of colors including pink and white among its deep green leaves. Also, makes for great groundcover.

shady perennials

26. Bellflowers

Bellflowers get their common name from the upright bell-shaped flowers they produce among their medium foliage. This perennial comes in a handful of varieties assuring you’ll find the right fit for your gardens needs.

bellflowers best perennial flowers for shade

After browsing through our complete guide, reference the graphic below to easily save, share and utilize for all of your perennial needs.

University of Karachi Flower Show 2018

An exhibition of greater than a hundred and fifty medicinal plants and vegetation opened at Karachi university (KU) on Friday. Organised via international Centre for Chemical and organic Sciences (ICCBS), the display will continue to be open for a week between 2.30pm and 5pm each day.

The medicinal species on show included Adenium obesum regarded to have anti-tumour/antimicrobial houses, Aegle marmelos (anti-diabetic), Allamanda blanchetii (antimicrobial, antioxidants) and Allamanda cathartica (anti-tumour).

speakme at the inauguration rite, ICCBS director Prof Muhammad Iqbal Choudhary highlighted the position flora performed in human existence and environment.

“plant life have a stabilising impact on environment and feature the ability to control terrible influences of changing weather. Plantation of bushes is a key weapon towards international warming,” he said, adding that tree planting additionally helped lessen water shortages, soil erosion and prevented flooding.
Appreciating efforts of Dr Imran Malik and his team for arranging a beautiful event for most of the people, he stated flora and vegetation had a high quality psychological have an effect on on human mind.