Orchids: Exotic plants

For thousands and thousands of years the most important circle of relatives in the kingdom of plants, the orchids, abounded in the world of tropical rain forests. Orchids belong to the monocotyledon category of crops along side palms, bananas or araceae, the variation being that orchids have absolutely advanced flowers that are perennial and capable of lengthy life.

Plato and a disciple of Aristotle, used the word “orchi” in his e book, Investigation of Plants, which later developed into “orchid.” Even in early times in China the orchid flower was held in such high esteem that the good Chinese sage Confucius in comparison the orchid flower to the “perfect and superior man” and the odor of the bloom to the “joys of friendship.”


Theophrastus (c.372-c.287 BC)

There are four classes of orchids Epiphytes — air vegetation which hang to branches of timber by way of their roots; Terrestrials — that grow within the floor and are discovered mostly in cooler climates; Saprophytes — that grow in decaying vegetation on the wooded area floor; Lithophytes — that grasp to rock faces or crevices.
Orchids are unique plants, the results of nature performing at its highest. The orchid family known as Orchidaceae has 750 genera, 25,000-30,000 species and more than 125,000 hybrids of which the quantity assists in keeping expanding yearly. Hybrids are created by cross-breeding species. They also are created through combining two or extra genera which can be referred to as inter-generic hybrids. All new hybrids have to be recognised and named by way of The International Orchid Commission in collaboration with the Royal Horticultural Society of Great Britain. It additionally acts as a global registration authority for orchids. Some 3,000 to 4,000 hybrids are produced every year but most effective the easiest get reputation which are then produced commercially.

Greek philosopher, Theophrastus (c.372-c.287 BC), who used to be a student of Plato and a disciple of Aristotle, used the word “orchi” in his e book, Investigation of Plants, which later developed into “orchid.” Even in early times in China the orchid flower was held in such high esteem that the good Chinese sage Confucius in comparison the orchid flower to the “perfect and superior man” and the odor of the bloom to the “joys of friendship.”

History additionally tells us that vanilla essence, used international as of late, is a manufactured from the orchid flower named ‘Vanilla Planifolia’. It used to be identified for centuries to the Aztecs and attracted the eye of the Western global in 1520 when Bernard Diaz, a Spanish conqueror, whilst in Mexico observed the Emperor Montezuma consuming chocolate flavoured with ground vanilla pods. The Spanish took the vanilla back with them to Spain from the place it was presented into Europe.

There is a false impression that growing orchids is hard and that they need a lawn and a big space. Nothing will also be farther from fact. In fact, they may be able to be grown even on a balcony making it an ideal plant for apartment dwellers.

The best section is that no soil is wanted which makes it a blank grower. It is grown in media consisting of coconut husk or coco chip, ground charcoal and a couple of broken crocks. As a long way as watering is concerned the plant just wishes a cup an afternoon.

Karachi’s weather is ideal for growing this glamorous plant. Dendrobiums, Cattleyas, Phalaenopsis, Oncidiums, Ascocendas, Vandas, Miltonias, Epidendrums, Rhyncostylis, Bulbophyllums, Ludisias, Liparis, Laeliocattleyas, Brassias, Tolumnias, Coelogyne, Paphiopedilums or The Lady Slipper Orchid, Cymbidiums and Angraecums are just a few which do rather well here. They bloom at other occasions of the 12 months because of this your garden will have color all over the yr. Certain sorts just like the Phalaenopsis, also referred to as The Moon Flower, blooms for three months at a time. Dendrobium plants ultimate for over a month, however Cattleyas ultimate for 2 weeks handiest.

During summer time most orchids must be evaded direct midday sun except Dendrobiums. Ideally they need early morning or overdue afternoon solar in this period and virtually complete solar in winter. But Phals, Paphiopedilums, and Ludisia always want filtered solar (shade). Roughly six to seven hours of shiny mild is wanted by means of orchids to bloom neatly.

This article would be incomplete if no mention is fabricated from the super paintings that the Karachi University is doing relating to tissue culture of orchids. It is a pleasure visiting their greenhouses with thousands of those beauties on display. The division of tissue culture and biotechnology must be congratulated on the great research they are doing on this box.

I Hope that this article would transfer numerous people residing in high-rise buildings to grow and revel in this exotic plant which is bound to complement everyone’s existence as it has enriched mine with its amazingly diverse good looks, colours, shapes and aromas. It is value stating that orchids are available at most nurseries at very reasonable prices which must be encouraging to fanatics.

September Flowers: What's in Season

September Flowers: Fall is the real gardening season in all climates where winters are mild. Southern plains of Pakistan are no exception either. This is the reason that major gardening activity is in winter in lahore, Karachi, Peshawar and other lowers plains areas. The plants which grow in summer in cool climates of UK and Europe grows in winter of lahore. This is the reason many winter annuals grown in lahore are actually summer flowering in cool climates. There are 3 main tips for these annuals.

1- Feed DAP every 2 weeks in low quantity
2- Remove early buds to get healthy plant and then allow it to flower
3- Remove spent flowers to increase flowering

You can buy premium quality winter season flowers at Gardening Shop (Karachi) delivery all over Pakistan

Petunia

Easiest and longest blooming flower. Single type is very famous. Comes in various shapes like star, picotee etc.

Flowering: December – May
Growth Ease: Very easy
Germination: Moderate to difficult
Sun required: Full sun
Famous series: Falcon F1 is winner. Ultra series (blue star, red star etc.) is good too .
You can buy premium quality winter season flowers at Gardening Shop (Karachi) delivery all over Pakistan

Pansy

Pansy grows in semi shade too. Flowers even for a child too. Long blooming period.Grows good in pots too. Urdu name is banafsha.
Flowering: January – May
Growth Ease: Very easy
Germination: Moderate to difficult
Sun required: Full sun – Semi shade

You can buy premium quality winter season flowers at Gardening Shop (Karachi) delivery all over Pakistan
Famous series: Magestic giants is good. Swiss giants comes on second number. My personal favorite is Mammoth.

Gazania

A very beautiful annual from south africa. Very heat tolerant. Flowers till June and more. 
Flowering: February- June
Growth Ease: Very easy
Germination: Moderate
Sun required: Full sun
Famous series: Daybreak mix is good. Daybreak 2 is also good.

Dahlia

Both indian and pakistani dahlia are available. Pakistani is grown from seed and flower is single or semi-double. Indian one is grown from cuttings and flowers are double and very large. Stacking is required. Indian one needs more care than pakistani one specially in severe winter. you can buy cheap cuttings in october/november or buy small plants early in season. you can save tuber for next month while keeping it in soil. Not grown good from tubers in my experience.

You can buy premium quality winter season flowers at Gardening Shop (Karachi) delivery all over Pakistan
Flowering: December- June
Growth Ease: Easy – Moderate
Germination: Easy
Sun required: Full sun
Famous series: In Pakistani dahlia, figoro and diablo are good. Indian ones, buy a plant with lots of side shoots.

Freesia

Freesia is super easy to grow from bulb and it is fragrant too.

You can buy premium quality winter season flowers at Gardening Shop (Karachi) delivery all over Pakistan

Ranunculus

Ranunculus grows from both seeds and corms. Plants grown from seeds have larger flowers than corms so i prefer to buy seed grown seedling from nurseries which is cheap.

You can buy premium quality winter season flowers at Gardening Shop (Karachi) delivery all over Pakistan

Remember not to deep plant the seedling of ranunculus in soil bed. The seedlings grow new shoots from much above the soil level. Also it needs to be protected from march rains.

Flowering: February- May
Growth Ease: Easy
Germination: From corm easy, From seed moderate to difficult
Sun required: Full sun
Famous series: The seed grown is asiaticus bloomingdale. Corm is probably different variety.

Aquilegia

Although a cool climate plant, it grows very good in semi shade and shade and flower is the most beautiful flower you will ever ever ever see. It is mostly germinated in murree and brought to lahore in winters. You can get seedlings easily at cheap price in start of season in October – November.
Flowering: February- May
Growth Ease: Easy
Germination: Difficult
Sun required:Shade – Semi shade
Famous series: N/A

You can buy premium quality winter season flowers at Gardening Shop (Karachi) delivery all over Pakistan

Anemone

Another easy to grow from corm. Although it is grown from seed too but i never tried it from seed. Very easy to grow and flower.

Hyacinth 

Hyacinth is another fragrant plant for cool climates so an annual here. You must try hyacinth in glass jar which is super easy to flower. 

You can buy premium quality winter season flowers at Gardening Shop (Karachi) delivery all over Pakistan

Other easy to grow winter annuals include Cineraria (Good for shade), Dianthus, carnation, Salvia(Red is good for our climate), Verbena, alyssum, hollyhock, calendula, phlox etc.

 

September Flowers: What’s in Season

September Flowers: Fall is the real gardening season in all climates where winters are mild. Southern plains of Pakistan are no exception either. This is the reason that major gardening activity is in winter in lahore, Karachi, Peshawar and other lowers plains areas. The plants which grow in summer in cool climates of UK and Europe grows in winter of lahore. This is the reason many winter annuals grown in lahore are actually summer flowering in cool climates. There are 3 main tips for these annuals.

1- Feed DAP every 2 weeks in low quantity
2- Remove early buds to get healthy plant and then allow it to flower
3- Remove spent flowers to increase flowering

You can buy premium quality winter season flowers at Gardening Shop (Karachi) delivery all over Pakistan

Petunia

Easiest and longest blooming flower. Single type is very famous. Comes in various shapes like star, picotee etc.

Flowering: December – May
Growth Ease: Very easy
Germination: Moderate to difficult
Sun required: Full sun
Famous series: Falcon F1 is winner. Ultra series (blue star, red star etc.) is good too .

You can buy premium quality winter season flowers at Gardening Shop (Karachi) delivery all over Pakistan

Pansy

Pansy grows in semi shade too. Flowers even for a child too. Long blooming period.Grows good in pots too. Urdu name is banafsha.
Flowering: January – May
Growth Ease: Very easy
Germination: Moderate to difficult
Sun required: Full sun – Semi shade

You can buy premium quality winter season flowers at Gardening Shop (Karachi) delivery all over Pakistan
Famous series: Magestic giants is good. Swiss giants comes on second number. My personal favorite is Mammoth.

Gazania

A very beautiful annual from south africa. Very heat tolerant. Flowers till June and more. 
Flowering: February- June
Growth Ease: Very easy
Germination: Moderate
Sun required: Full sun
Famous series: Daybreak mix is good. Daybreak 2 is also good.

Dahlia

Both indian and pakistani dahlia are available. Pakistani is grown from seed and flower is single or semi-double. Indian one is grown from cuttings and flowers are double and very large. Stacking is required. Indian one needs more care than pakistani one specially in severe winter. you can buy cheap cuttings in october/november or buy small plants early in season. you can save tuber for next month while keeping it in soil. Not grown good from tubers in my experience.

You can buy premium quality winter season flowers at Gardening Shop (Karachi) delivery all over Pakistan

Flowering: December- June
Growth Ease: Easy – Moderate
Germination: Easy
Sun required: Full sun
Famous series: In Pakistani dahlia, figoro and diablo are good. Indian ones, buy a plant with lots of side shoots.

Freesia

Freesia is super easy to grow from bulb and it is fragrant too.

You can buy premium quality winter season flowers at Gardening Shop (Karachi) delivery all over Pakistan

Ranunculus

Ranunculus grows from both seeds and corms. Plants grown from seeds have larger flowers than corms so i prefer to buy seed grown seedling from nurseries which is cheap.

You can buy premium quality winter season flowers at Gardening Shop (Karachi) delivery all over Pakistan

Remember not to deep plant the seedling of ranunculus in soil bed. The seedlings grow new shoots from much above the soil level. Also it needs to be protected from march rains.

Flowering: February- May
Growth Ease: Easy
Germination: From corm easy, From seed moderate to difficult
Sun required: Full sun
Famous series: The seed grown is asiaticus bloomingdale. Corm is probably different variety.

Aquilegia

Although a cool climate plant, it grows very good in semi shade and shade and flower is the most beautiful flower you will ever ever ever see. It is mostly germinated in murree and brought to lahore in winters. You can get seedlings easily at cheap price in start of season in October – November.
Flowering: February- May
Growth Ease: Easy
Germination: Difficult
Sun required:Shade – Semi shade
Famous series: N/A

You can buy premium quality winter season flowers at Gardening Shop (Karachi) delivery all over Pakistan

Anemone

Another easy to grow from corm. Although it is grown from seed too but i never tried it from seed. Very easy to grow and flower.

Hyacinth 

Hyacinth is another fragrant plant for cool climates so an annual here. You must try hyacinth in glass jar which is super easy to flower. 

You can buy premium quality winter season flowers at Gardening Shop (Karachi) delivery all over Pakistan

Other easy to grow winter annuals include Cineraria (Good for shade), Dianthus, carnation, Salvia(Red is good for our climate), Verbena, alyssum, hollyhock, calendula, phlox etc.

 

گلاب کی کاشت

۱-حافظ محمد کاشف(شعبہ ہارٹیکلچر، جامعہ زرعیہ فیصل آباد )
۲-مجاہد علی (شعبہ ہارٹیکلچر ،جامعہ سرگودھا)

گلاب کا پھول تجارت کا اہم ذریعہ ہے۔ چھوٹے کاروباری افراد سے لے کر بڑے ادارے اس کی تجارت سے جڑے ہوئے ہیں۔گلاب کی صنعت سے وابستہ افراد کیلئے مفید معلومات تفصیل کے ساتھ درج ذیل ہیں۔ گلاب مختلف قسم کی آب و ہَوا اور مختلف قسم کی زمین میں اگائے جاتے ہیں۔ گلاب اپنی خوبصورتی کی وجہ سے پسند کیے جاتے ہیں اس کے علاوہ ان میں خوشبو بھی پائی جاتی ہے۔ گلاب کو کوئین آف فلاوز کہا جاتا ہے۔ گلاب کو مختلف خصوصیات کی بنا پر گروپوں میں تقسیم کیا جاتا ہے۔ مثلاً ہائبرڈ ٹی روز، فلوری بنڈا، مینی ایچرز اور بیلیں۔ دنیا میں گلاب کی 20 ہزار سے زائد اقسام ہیں۔گلاب بطور کٹ فلاور بہت اہمیت کا حامل ہے۔ دنیا میں یہ بہت بڑی مقدار میں درآمد اور برآمد کیا جاتا ہے۔ سب سے زیادہ گلاب اور دوسرے پھول ہالینڈ برآمد کرتا ہے۔ جرمنی سب سے زیادہ گلاب درآمد کرتا ہے۔ اس کے علاوہ فرانس، برطانیہ، سوئٹزر لینڈ، امریکہ اور یورپی یونین کے ممالک میں کافی مارکیٹ ہے۔ ہائبرڈ ٹی گلاب تقریباً دنیا کے تمام ممالک میں اگایا جاتا ہے لیکن چند اہم ممالک جہاں ہائبرڈ ٹی گلاب اُگایا جاتا ہے درج ذیل ہیں۔ ہالینڈ، جرمنی، یو ایس اے، برطانیہ، فرانس، اٹلی، جاپان، سوئٹزر لینڈ، کینیا، زمبابوے، اسرائیل، کولمبیا، انڈیا، نائجیریا، یوگنڈا اور تنزانیہ ۔

جگہ کا انتخاب:
۔جہاں گلاب لگانا ہو وہاں کم از کم چھ گھنٹے دھوپ پڑنی چاہیے، پودے درختوں سے دور لگانے چاہئیں تاکہ ان پر سایہ نہ پڑے۔ ایسی جگہ کا انتخاب کریں جہاں پودے گرمی اور سردی کی شدت سے بچ سکیں۔

آب و ہوا:۔ معتدل درجہ حرارت اور سورج کی روشنی مناسب مقدار میں پودے کی بڑھوتری اور پھولوں کی پیداوار حاصل کرنے کےلئے بہت اہمیت کے حامل ہیں۔ گلاب بڑے سخت جان ہوتے ہیں ان کو سردی سے بچانے کی ضرورت نہیں ہوتی البتہ گرمیوں میں زیادہ ٹمپریچر ہو تو اچھی پیداوار نہیں دیتے۔ گلاب کے لئے موزوں ٹمپریچر 20 تا 25 سینٹی گریڈ ہے۔ اگر درجہ حرارت 28 سینٹی گریڈ سے زیادہ ہو گا تو پیداوار میں کمی واقع ہو گی۔

زمین کا انتخاب و تیاری:۔
جہاں گلاب لگانا ہو وہاں کی زمین بھربھری، زرخیز اور اچھے نکاس والی ہو۔ زمین کا تعامل (pH) 6 سے 6.5 تک ہونی چاہیے، سخت زمین پر گلاب کامیاب نہیں ہوتا ہے۔ گلاب کے لئے زمین کی تیاری موسم گرما میں کریں تاکہ دھوپ خوب لگے اور موسم برسات میں بارش کے بعد زمین اچھی طرح تیار ہو جائے۔ زمین اڑھائی فٹ گہرائی تک کھود کر اسے تیار کریں۔ پودے لگانے کے لئے 2 فٹ x 2 فٹx 2 فٹ سائز کے گڑھے کھودیں۔ اوپر والی 1 فٹ مٹی الگ کریں اور نیچے والی 1 فٹ مٹی دوسری طرف رکھ لیں۔ پودے لگانے سے کم از کم ایک ہفتہ پہلے گڑھے کھودیں۔ گڑھوں کو کھلا چھوڑ دیں تاکہ روشنی اور ہَوا سے زمین کو فائدہ پہنچے۔ اس کے بعد گڑھا بھرنے کے لئے اوپر والی 1 فٹ مٹی 50 فیصد، گوبر کی کھاد 20 فیصد، پتوں کی کھاد 20 فیصد اور 10 فیصد بھل کا آمیزہ تیار کریں اور اس کو پودے لگانے کے لئے گڑھوں میں استعمال کریں۔

اقسام:۔

کارڈینل، کوئین الزبتھ، پیراڈائز، اینجلیق، فرسٹ ریڈ، گولڈ میڈل، لیڈیز فرسٹ، گولڈن ٹائم، ایمرلڈ گرین، فریگرنٹ کلاوڈ، آئس برگ، کلیڈئیر، روزی چیک، فارمولاون، تبت، کلاسک، بلیک بکارا، لوگیم، منڈیل اور اینجلیق نیو ریڈ وغیرہ اس کی اقسام ہیں۔

پودے لگانے کا موسم :۔ گلاب کے پودے نومبر سے فروری تک لگائے جا سکتے ہیں۔

زمین میں پودے لگانا:۔

پہلے سے کھودے گئے گڑھوں میں تیار شدہ مٹی کا آمیزہ ڈالیں۔ پودے کو گڑھے میں سیدھا کھڑا کریں اور مٹی ڈالتے جائیں۔ پودے کے تنے کے ساتھ کی مٹی تھوڑی اونچی رکھیں۔ پودے کے ارد گرد مٹی کو اچھی طرح دبا دیں تاکہ زمین میں ہوا نہ رہ سکے۔ پیوند والے مقام کو زمین سے ایک تا دو انچ نیچے رکھیں۔ پودے ہمیشہ دوپہر کے بعد لگائیں تاکہ پودا گرمی کی شدت سے بچ جائے اور رات گزرنے تک وہ اپنا نظام بحال کر سکے۔

پودوں کا فاصلہ:

۔ہائبرڈ ٹی گلاب کے لئے پودے سے پودے کا فاصلہ 2.5 فٹ تا 3 فٹ ہونا چاہیے جبکہ قطار سے قطار کا فاصلہ بھی اتنا ہی رکھیں تاکہ پودوں کی گوڈی اور دوسرے کام آسانی سے ہو سکیں۔

پودوں کو پانی دینا:۔

زمین میں پودے لگانے کے بعد فوراً پانی دینا چاہیے۔ گلاب کو بڑھو تری کے لئے پانی کی کافی ضرورت ہوتی ہے۔ پانی کی مقدار اور تعداد کا دار و مدار زمین کی قسم اور موسم پر ہوتا ہے۔ گرمیوں میں ہفتہ میں دو دفعہ پانی دیں اور سردیوںمیں ایک ہفتہ یا دس دن بعد پانی دیں۔

پودوں کو کھاد دینا:۔
پودے لگانے سے کم از کم ایک مہینہ پہلے گوبر کی کھاد5 ٹرالی فی ایکڑ کے حساب سے زمین میں ڈالیں۔ ہر سال شاخ تراشی کے وقت چار کلوگرام گوبر کی کھاد فی پودا ڈالیں۔ اس کے علاوہ کیمیائی کھاد بحساب 40 گرام فی پودا ڈلیں۔ 10-10-10 یا 12-12-12 (نائٹروجن، فاسفورس اور پوٹاش) کی نسبت والی کیمیائی کھاد استعمال کریں۔ کیمیائی کھاد تین خوراکوں میں استعمال کریں۔ پہلی خوراک جنوری میں دیں، دوسری خوراک جب موسم بہار کے پھول ختم ہوں اور تیسری خوراک وسط جولائی میں دیں، 15 اگست کے بعد کھاد نہ دیں۔

شاخ تراشی:۔

اچھی پیداوار حاصل کرنے کےلئے ہر سال پودوں کی شاخ تراشی کریں۔ شاخ تراشی کے وقت تمام بیمار، کمزور اور سوکھی ہوئی شاخیں کاٹ دیں۔ شاخ تراشی سے بڑھوتری اچھی ہوتی ہے، ہَوا اور روشنی کا گزر آسانی سے ہوتا ہے۔ ہائبرڈ ٹی روز میں درمیانی شاخ تراشی کریں۔ ایک شاخ پر5 سے 7 آنکھیں چھوڑ کر شاخ تراشی کریں۔ شاخ کو کونپل کے 1/4 انچ اوپر سے کاٹیں اور کونپل کی مخالف سمت سے کاٹیں۔ زیادہ تر گلاب کی شاخ تراشی موسم سرما یا بہار میں کی جاتی ہے، اگر شاخ تراشی موسم خزاں یا شروع موسم سرما میں کی جائے تو نئی پھوٹ جلد بنے گی اور کورے سے بُری طرح متاثر ہو گی۔ اس لئے سرد علاقوں میں شاخ تراشی تاخیر سے کی جاتی ہے

۔ زمین سے نکلنے والی شاخیں کاٹنا:

۔پیوند کے مقام سے نیچے تنے پر یا زمین سے شاخیں نکل آتی ہیں، یہ شاخیں روٹ سٹاک سے نکلتی ہیں یہ کارآمد نہیں ہوتیں اس لیے وقتاً فوقتاً ان شاخوں کو کاٹتے رہیں

۔گوڈی کرنا:

زمین کو نرم رکھنے اور جڑی بوٹیاں ختم کرنے کے لئے ہلکی گوڈی کریں، زیادہ گہری گوڈی نہ کریں کیونکہ پودے کی جڑیں کٹ جانے کا خطرہ ہوتا ہے۔

غنچوں کی تعداد کم کرنا:۔

یہ طریقہ ہائبرڈ ٹی گلاب میں استعمال کیا جاتا ہے، اس سے غنچوں کی تعداد کم ہوتی ہے لیکن پھولوں کی کوالٹی اچھی ہوتی ہے۔ اس میں مناسب غنچوں کا انتخاب کر کے باقی غنچوں کو توڑ دیا جاتا ہے جس سے پھول کاسائز اور ٹہنی کی لمبائی بڑھ جاتی ہے۔

بیماریاں اور ان کا انسداد:۔
گلاب پر مائیلڈیو، بلیک سپاٹ، رسٹ اور ڈائی بیک جیسی بیماریاں حملہ آور ہوتی ہیں۔ ان کے حملہ کی صورت میں ریڈو مل، ڈائی تھین، مینکوزیب، ایکروبیٹ یا کلپر بحساب 1 گرام فی لٹر پانی میں حل کر کے سپرے کریں۔

کیڑوں کا حملہ:۔
گلاب پر ایفڈ، جیسڈ، تھرپس، ریڈ سپائیڈر، مائٹس اور دیمک کا حملہ ہوتا ہے۔ پودے پر ایفڈ، جیسڈ، تھرپس، ریڈ سپائیڈر یا مائٹس کے حملہ کی صورت میں کلورو پائیری فاس، میٹا سسٹاکس، کونفیڈور، میتھا ڈاکسن یا میتھا میڈو فاس بحساب 2 ملی لٹر فی لٹر پانی میں ملا کر سپرے کریں۔ دیمک کے حملہ کی صورت میں ٹیناکل، کلورو پائیری فاس یا ڈرسبین بحساب 2 ملی لٹر فی لٹر پانی میں ملا کر زمین میں ڈالیں۔پھول کاٹنا:۔

پھول صبح یا شام کے وقت برداشت کریں۔ پھول کی ڈنڈی 40 سینٹی میٹر سے90 سینٹی میٹر تک رکھیں۔ کٹائی کے فوراً بعد پھولوں کو صاف پانی میں رکھ دیں تاکہ پھول مارکیٹ پہنچنے تک تروتازہ رہیں۔

26 Best Perennial Flowers for Your Garden

Perennials are flowers or plants that live for more than two years and return year after year blooming on their own. This is due to the flowers far-reaching roots which allow for better access to nutrients meaning a longer lifespan and less upkeep for you!

As if their easy-to-grow nature didn’t just bump them up to the top of your must-have list, these flowers also tend to be low maintenance, have the ability to withstand harsh climates and come in a wide variety of colors, shapes and sizes. Perennial flowers are also a great option if you’re looking to add vertical interest to your garden since they are known for building on their growth year after year.

Although a strong contender, perennials aren’t the only flower on the market. Plants and flowers are commonly categorized as either annual, biennial or perennial and knowing the difference between these common terms will help you make a more educated selection for your garden.


What is The Difference Between Annual and Perennial?

Annual plants are those that live for only one growing season before producing seeds and dying. Biennial plants are those that live for two growing seasons and perennial plants are those that live for more than two years.

In general, annual and biennial plants will require more upkeep from you. Not to mention, at the end of their growing seasons you’ll have to pull them from your garden and start anew.

Whether you’re looking to enjoy full foliage or beautiful blooms, perennials are just what you should consider to keep your garden sustainably beautiful for years to come. Find the best flowers for your needs by scrolling through our handy guide below categorized by the sun needs of each flower. Planting perennials where they are most likely to thrive will make it easier for you to grow a successful and beautiful garden.


Best Perennials For Sun

Give the sunny spots in your garden the splash of color they deserve. Scroll through our list of the best perennials for the sun below. With gardening information and helpful facts, you’ll have the right flower picked out in no time at all.

1. Blanket Flower 

The blanket flower is best known for it’s long seasonal bloom and daisy-like flowers that can be found in rich shades of orange, wine red and yellow. Petals have a tubular shape and are frilled at the edges.

best perennials for sun

2. Pineapple Sage 

Known for it’s attractive pineapple scent, this seasonal treat features red tubular flowers and leafy stems that thrive in full sunlight and well-drained soil.

pineapple sage best perennial

3. May Night Sage 

This showy perennial grows in tall spikes of indigo flowers with lush green foliage. The flower also has an outstanding cold hardiness and is the perfect fit if you live in cooler climates.

best perennial flowers

4. Tickseed

This perennial flower is prized for its long bloom period where you can find bright yellow petals with a dark brown center. Tickseed is known as one of the easiest-to-grow perennials and stands anywhere between 1-2 feet tall.

best perennial flowers for sun

5. Black-eyed Susan

A few black-eyed susans will add a vast amount of color to any garden. These perennials provide bright yellow and orange blossoms and also make for great cut flowers.

best perennials black eyed susan

6. Coneflower

This perennial flower is commonly mistaken for a daisy because of it’s bright bloom in a variety of colors including pink, purple, red and white. Coneflowers are relatively drought-tolerant, good for cut flowers and also invite songbirds where they are planted.

best perennials for sun coneflower

7. Daylily

The daylily is oftentimes referred to as “the perfect perennial” because of its vibrant colors and ability to thrive in both frost-like climates as well as the heat. The beautiful flowers are short lived with a lifespan of only one day, although a mature daylily can produce over 200-400 blooms per month. With a shorter blooming season, this perennial would be a nice surprise blossom in any garden.

daylily best perennials for sun

8. Peony

One of the more beautiful perennials, peonies offer a gorgeous bloom in springtime with colors including pink, red, white and yellow. Peonies are a popular cut flower, make for gorgeous bouquets and have a wonderful fragrance. Fun fact: Some peonies have been known to live over 100 years old.

peony best perennials for sun

9. Russian sage

This tall and airy perennial grows in spike-like clusters that feature a lavender-blue color and offer a more fragrant foliage. This heat-loving and drought resistant plant is superb for any garden.

best perennial flowers

10. Sea Holly

Noted for its silvery-blue bracts, the sea holly features thistle-like blooms that are great for flower bouquets. This perennial is sure to add some interest to any garden, backyard or flower bouquet.

sea holly best perennial flowers

11. Stonecrop

This perennial is commonly known by a few names including stonecrop, orpine or live-forever. It typically grows upright with branched stems featuring small star-like flowers in hues of pink to reddish purple.

best perennial flowers

12. Yarrow 

The Yarrow wildflower is loved for providing a vast amount of blooms featuring tightly-packed clusters of small flowers. These hardy perennials blossom in summertime and feature a variety of colors including mustard yellow, pink and red.

yarrow best perennials

13. Daffodils

Known as one of the most recognizable perennials and a sure sign that spring is here, daffodils have attractive flowers with six outer petals and a trumpet or cup-shaped center. They thrive in full sun and grow anywhere between 1-1.5 feet tall.

perennials for sun

14. Forget-me-not

You won’t be able to forget this perennial flower with blossoms that feature five baby blue petals with yellow centers. Forget-me-nots can also be found in pink and white colors, although the baby blue is the most favored.

best perennial flowers

15. Catmint

The lavender flowers of this drought-tolerant perennial are found in violet and white hues. Blooms grow in a spike-like fashion with abundant foliage that make for attractive hedges.

best perennials

best perennials for shade

Best Perennials for Shade

Looking for a flower that will thrive in the shady areas of your garden? Browse our list of  shade-loving perennials to find the best solution for you!

16. False Goat’s Beard

Astilbe are shade-loving perennials that feature feathery, plume-like flowers in a handful of colors including pink, red and white. The blossoms rise above the flowers fern-like foliage and will surely make a statement in your garden.

false goats beard best perennials

17. Bleeding Heart

Once you get a look at this perennial you’ll understand its common name. The heart-shaped flowers that bloom in hues of pink or white will bring welcomed attention to any garden. Bleeding hearts thrive in the shade and are also commonly used for cut flowers

best perennial flowers

18. Bugleweed

Bugleweed prefer the shade and are known for their shiny, dark green leaves and full foliage. Blue-violet flowers can appear anytime from mid to late spring and rise above the foliage when in bloom. This perennial is known for “carpeting” the ground, so be sure to maintain it because this fast spreading perennial is known to take over quickly.  

best perennial flowers for shade

19. Spiked Speedwell

Commonly known as the spiked speedwell, this clump-forming perennial produces a summer bloom of small star-shaped flowers with tall upright stems. They grow in  shades of violet-blue, pink and white and also feature medium green foliage.

spiked speedwell

20. Garden Phlox

The garden phlox is an upright perennial that grows in clumps that bloom between July and September. The flower features five flat-like petals that can be found in a handful of colors including white, lavender, pink rose, red and bicolor.

best perennials for shade

21. Asters

Commonly known as asters, the latin word for “star,” this perennial blooms between late spring and early fall. Its blossoms offer a handful of colors, including white, blue, indigo, violet, red and pink. Pinching in the early summer will increase the yield of flower buds you’ll get and be sure to plant them in a shady area of your garden.

best perennials for shade

22. Toad Lily

This hardy perennial offers flowers that are often mistaken as orchids spotted with hues of blue or purple. The toad lily prefers light shade and it’s late bloom makes this flower the perfect addition for a fall garden.

best perennial flowers for shade

23. Spurge

This perennial grows upright and features bluish-green leaves that are arranged in a spiral along the stems. Atop the stems grow small bushels of yellow or green flowers. These perennials thrive in a Mediterranean-type climate.

best perennials for shade

24. Mums 

Chrysanthemums, also known as “Mums,” bloom in a variety of colors including, blue, green, orange, pink, red and white. This late-season flower delivers color and also makes for great cut flowers and beautiful groundcover.

best perennials for shade

25. Cranesbill

The cranesbill flower is said to be one of the toughest shade-loving perennials due to its ability to withstand heat and drought conditions. The flowers small petals blossom in spring and feature a variety of colors including pink and white among its deep green leaves. Also, makes for great groundcover.

shady perennials

26. Bellflowers

Bellflowers get their common name from the upright bell-shaped flowers they produce among their medium foliage. This perennial comes in a handful of varieties assuring you’ll find the right fit for your gardens needs.

bellflowers best perennial flowers for shade

After browsing through our complete guide, reference the graphic below to easily save, share and utilize for all of your perennial needs.

University of Karachi Flower Show 2018

An exhibition of greater than a hundred and fifty medicinal plants and vegetation opened at Karachi university (KU) on Friday. Organised via international Centre for Chemical and organic Sciences (ICCBS), the display will continue to be open for a week between 2.30pm and 5pm each day.

The medicinal species on show included Adenium obesum regarded to have anti-tumour/antimicrobial houses, Aegle marmelos (anti-diabetic), Allamanda blanchetii (antimicrobial, antioxidants) and Allamanda cathartica (anti-tumour).

speakme at the inauguration rite, ICCBS director Prof Muhammad Iqbal Choudhary highlighted the position flora performed in human existence and environment.

“plant life have a stabilising impact on environment and feature the ability to control terrible influences of changing weather. Plantation of bushes is a key weapon towards international warming,” he said, adding that tree planting additionally helped lessen water shortages, soil erosion and prevented flooding.
Appreciating efforts of Dr Imran Malik and his team for arranging a beautiful event for most of the people, he stated flora and vegetation had a high quality psychological have an effect on on human mind.

67th Pakistan flower show 2018 held

67th Pakistan Annual Flower show 2018 organized by using Horticultural Society of Pakistan (HSP) in collaboration with DHA and CBC opened at DHA AK Park Seaview. Administrator DHA Brig Shahid Hassan Ali changed into the chief visitor of the hole rite.
A colourful rite become hung on the occasion wherein flower loving enthusiasts and organizations/institutions who gained the flower opposition in numerous classes were awarded trophies and prizes. The venue of the show presented an excellent view of colorful flowers depicting the splendor of nature including to the ambience of the venue.
Administrator DHA favored the efforts of HSP for organizing a incredible flower display each year that is reflective of its engagement to present greener and exquisite environment to the town. He stated that love of flora and greenery is the essence of existence. He emphasised the want for organizing active and innovative sports like flower shows in the city for selling tremendous and wholesome developments in society.
Administrator said that DHA is devoted to advertising of greenery and plantation within the location to offer aesthetically vibrant dwelling surroundings to its residents.
President HSP Mr Kaleem Farooqui defined the obvious and stringent assessment device of HSP for the Flower display opposition. He reiterated that HSP changed into passionately engaged in giving greener and delightful environment to Karachi.
DHA clinched over all first position in the Flower display and changed into awarded the coveted Abdul Sattar Pirzada Trophy.
DHA turned into additionally awarded a gold medal for triumphing the Flower show opposition consecutively for closing 3 years. DHA Nursery section VII got first in category of Nurseries and DHA Gizri Hill was first in beautification of Roundabouts.
DHA Head office Mustafa Masjid won first position in Masjid Gardens and Flag body of workers house clinched first role in Gardens of legitimate Bungalows. DHA Nisar Shaheed Park become declared the fine park in the category of huge parks.

67th Annual Flower Show to kick off today

The 67th Horticulture Society of Pakistan Annual Flower Show will be held from 1st March to 4th March 2018 at DHA Sea View Park, Karachi. 

Horticultural Society of Pakistan has been holding this mega horticulture event regularly since 1950. It is now become the biggest flower show of Pakistan. Every year it is attended by a large number of people of all walks of life from Karachi and other parts of the country. The allied and affiliated specialized clubs and Societies like Ladies Horticultural Club, Floral Art Society, Ikebana International, Ikenobo Study Group, Amateur Gardeners Club, Orchid Society of Pakistan, Pakistan Bonsai Society, Cactus & Succulent Society of Pakistan, Sogetsu & Floral Art Study Group will be displaying their floral and rare plants stalls. Various organizations like DHA, CBC, Pakistan Army, Navy & Air Force will also be participating in various competitions.

A large number of rare plants, local as well imported, will be displayed. Ladies & School/Colleges students floral competition will also be held. The prizes will also be given to the winner of best residential garden, parks, factory gardens, hospital gardens, Mosque gardens, etc. 

Pakistan Flower Show Karachi History

Soon after Pakistan was created on 14th August 1947 everyone got busy in building it and finding out the ways of the newly country. Defense, finance, education, science, agriculture,foreign affairs and in fact there was hectic activity in all fields to find out how bestthe country would progress and flourish. While the basics were being attended a need was felt to make it look pretty as country has inherent beauty and glamour.

In April 1948 pioneers Mr. A K Khan (Horticulturist), Sir Harold Shoobert (Secretary Food & Agriculture Government of Pakistan) and Mr. Abdus Sattar Pirzada (Minister of Food & Agriculture Government of Pakistan) sat in Pakistan Secretariat’s barrack number 16 and founded a society to generate the interest of horticulture, gardening and other nature oriented disciplines amongst the citizens and make the country more beautiful, colorful and fragrant. In this instance they called it ” Pakistan Agri-Horticulture Society” and elected Sir Harold Shoobert. Mr. T D Vehra and Mr. A K Khan as its Convener, Secretary and Treasurer cum Joint Secretary respectively.

On 23rd September 1949 it was renamed as Horticultural Society of Pakistan. Then the Governor General of Pakistan was elected as Patron in Chief and Governors as Patrons. Mr. Abdus Sattar Pirzada, Sir Harold Shoobert, Mr. S G Lanewala and Mr. A K Khan were elected as its President, Vice President, Secretary, Treasurer cum Joint Secretary respectively. Narcissus commonly known as Nargis then the National flower of the country was adopted for logo.As the national flower of Pakistan changed from Narcissus to Jasminum grandiflorum, commonly known as “Chambeli” the H.S.P. at their golden jubilee in 1998, responded the change and came up with a new logo showing both flowers.

The Pakistan Flower Show is an annual flower show and a festival held every year in Karachi, Pakistan. It is held at the Sea View Park in Karachi. It is organized by the Horticulture Society of Pakistan. It was established in 1948 and held every year in February. 67th flower show will held from 1 March to 4 March 2018.

Promoting Floriculture

By Dr S M Alam

FLORICULTURE is fast emerging as a profitable venture and the country is also earning a sizable foreign exchange by exporting roses to Middle East and European countries.
The local production of cut flowers is estimated at about 10,000-12,000 tons per annum. Roses are popular crop for both domestic and commercial cut flowers. They are harvested and cut when in bud and held in refrigerated conditions until ready for display at their point of sale.
Both local and grafted roses are grown in all the four provinces of the country, but Punjab has lion’s share in production of grafted roses and supply to all the cities of the country.
Promoting FloricultureRoses may be grown in any well-drained soil with optimum sunlight. Most rose varieties are grown by budding on lower portion of a plant and propagated from seeds or cuttings. Clay soils, warm temperatures are always preferred, and the rose plants grow best when not set among other plants. Cow manure is the preferred fertilizer for rose cultivation, but other organic fertilisers, especially composts, are also used.
Rose plants usually require severe pruning, which must be adapted to the intended use of the flowers. Pattoki, a small town about 80-km south of Lahore, has emerged as a leading home for cut flower floriculture technology. More than one million pieces of cut flowers are sent daily from this town to all the major cities of the country. The availability of flowers and ornamental plants has recently increased with change in crop production priorities and rise in living standards. The availability of pick flowers of red rose in use since ages for garlands has increased manifold. Additionally, cut flowers for flowers arrangements have sprung up in market due to demand pull by the local consumers.
The demand for long stem roses, tube roses, gladioli has tremendously increased. In order to explain the cultivation of these plants, import of quality hybrid flower seeds and planting material may be allowed free of duty to promote production of quality leading to export. The small items of machinery and shading nets to be used by the flowers and ornamental plant nurseries should be exempted from the levy of duty.

Roses are best known as ornamental plants grown for their flowers in the garden and sometimes indoors. They have been also used for commercial perfumery and commercial cut flower crops. Some are used as landscape plants, for hedging and for other utilitarian purposes such as game cover. They also have minor medicinal uses. The majority of ornamental roses are selected hybrids. A few, mostly species roses are grown for scented foliage, ornamental thorns or for their ornamental fruit.
Rose perfumes are made from attar of roses or rose oil, which is a mixture of volatile essential oils obtained by steam distilling the crushed petals of roses. An associated product is rose water which is used for cooking, cosmetics, medicine and in religious practices. Rose water made as a byproduct of rose oil production, is widely used in Asian and Middle Eastern cuisine. The French are known for their rose syrup, most commonly made from an extract of rose petals.
By observing the rapid growth in cut flower export, this business can become Pakistan’s second largest export sector after textile if the government encourages the cut flower growers by facilitating them to provide better technology in the year round production, refrigerated transportation and exploring more foreign markets.
The world trade of cut flowers runs in billion of dollars and Holland serves as the centre of cut flower business.
The cut flowers trade is tremendously increasing due to its demand worldwide. The cut flowers importing countries are: Australia, Denmark, Dubai, France, Italy, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Syria, Turkey, U.S.A. and United Kingdom and the major suppliers are Colombia, Ecuador, India, Israel, Kenya and Zimbabwe.
Courtesy: The DAWN