Kharif Vegetables in Pakistan

Kharif crop refers to the planting, cultivation and harvesting of any domesticated plant sown in the rainy (monsoon) season on the Asian subcontinent. Such vegetation are planted for autumn harvest and may also be known as the summer season or monsoon crop in India and Pakistan. Kharif plants are most often sown with the beginning of the first rains in July, all over the south-west monsoon season. In Pakistan the Kharif season starts on April 16th and lasts until October 15th. Main Kharif plants are cotton, sugarcane, rice, maize.

Kharif Vegetables
Arum
Field Vetch (Gowar)
Cucumber
Beans
Long Melon
Luffa
Lotus Roats (Bheeh)
Melon Pumpkin
Musk Melon
Pumpkin
Tinda
Water Melon

List of Crops of Pakistan and their Agronomic Use

The following table presents list of common crops of Pakistan, along with their botanical names, agronomic use and sowing season.

Sr. no. Vernacular name Botanical name Family Agronomic use Sowing season
A.      CEREAL CROPS
1. Ghandum / Kanak / Wheat Triticum aestivum Poaceae Cereals Rabi
2. Juo / Barley Hordeum vulgare Poaceae Cereals/ Fodder Rabi
3. Dhaan / Rice / Paddy Oryza sativa Poaceae Cereals Kharif
4. Makkai / Corn / Maize Zea mays Poaceae Cereals / Fodder / Oilseeds Kharif
5. Jowar / Chari / Great Millet / Sorghum Sorghum bicolor Poaceae Cereals / Fodder Kharif (Grain purpose)

Rabi (Fodder purpose)

6. Bajra / Pearl Millet Pennisetum typhoides Poaceae Cereals / Fodder Kharif
B.      FOOD LEGUMES
1. Kalay Channay / Chickpea / Gram Cicer arietinum Fabaceae Pulses Rabi
2. Kabuli Channay / Chickpea / White Gram Cicer arietinum Fabaceae Pulses Rabi
3. Field pea Pisum sativum Fabaceae Pulses Rabi
4. Masur / Lentil Lens culnaris Fabaceae Pulses Rabi
5. Mung bean / Oregon Pea / Green Gram Vigna radiata Fabaceae Pulses Kharif
6. Mash / Urd Bean / Black Gram Vigna mungo Fabaceae Pulses Kharif
7. Pigeon pea / Red Gram / Arhar Cajanus cajan Fabaceae Pulses Kharif
8. Lobia / Cowpea / Black-eyed Pea Vigna unguiculata Fabaceae Pulses Kharif
9. Rawan / Cowpea Vigna unguiculata Fabaceae Pulses Kharif
C.      OILSEED CROPS
1. Toria / Brown or Yellow Sarsoon / Rapeseed Brassica campestris Cruiferae Oilseeds Rabi
2. Gohbi Sarsoon / Rapeseed Brassica napus Cruiferae Oilseeds Rabi
3. Raya / Indian Mustard Brassica juncea Cruiferae Oilseeds Rabi
4. Taramera / Mustard Eruca sativa Cruiferae Oilseeds Rabi
5. Canola / Rapeseed Brassica napus Cruiferae Oilseeds Rabi
6. Moongphali / Ground nut / Peanuts Arachis hypogea Fabaceae Oilseeds Kharif
7. Suraj Mukkhi / Sunflower Helianthus annus Compositae Oilseeds Rabi
8. Makkai / Corn / Maize Zea mays Poaceae Cereals / Fodder / Oilseeds Kharif
9. Zeatoon / Olive Olera europeae Oleaceae Oilseeds
10. Kala Til / Niger Guizotia abyssinica Compositae Oilseeds Kharif
11. Sufaid Til / Sesame Sesamum indicum Pedaliacea Oilseeds Kharif
12. Alsi / Linseed Linum ustitatissimum Linaceae Oilseeds Rabi
13. Guar / Cluster bean Cyamopsis tetragonolba Fabaceae Fodder / Oilseeds Kharif
14. Kappas / Cotton Gossypium arboretum & G. hirsutum Malvaceae Oilseeds  / Fiber Kharif
D.      FIBER CROPS
1. Kappas / Cotton Gossypium arboretum & G. hirsutum Malvaceae Oilseeds  / Fiber Kharif
2. Patsun / Jute Corchorus capsularis / C. olitorius Tilliaceae Fibre Kharif
E.       SUGAR CROPS
1. Kammad / Ganna / Sugarcane Saccharum officinarum Poaceae Sugar Perennial
2. Chuqandar / Sugarbeet Beta vulgaris Chenopodiaceae Sugar Rabi
F.       FORAGE CROPS
1. Berseem / Egyptian Clover Trifolium alexanderinum Fabaceae Fodder / Green Manure Rabi
2. Shaftal / Persian Clover Trifolium resupinatum Fabaceae Fodder Rabi
3. Lucern / Alfalfa Medicago sativa Fabaceae Fodder Rabi
4. Guar / Cluster bean Cyamopsis tetragonolba Fabaceae Fodder / Oilseeds Kharif
5. Jowar / Chari / Great Millet / Sorghum Sorghum bicolor Poaceae Cereals / Fodder Kharif (Grain purpose)

Rabi (Fodder purpose)

6. Jai / Oat Avena sativa Poaceae Fodder / Cereals Rabi
7. Makkai / Corn / Maize Zea mays Poaceae Cereals / Fodder / Oilseeds Kharif
8. Juo / Barley Hordeum vulgare Poaceae Cereals/ Fodder Rabi
9. Kangani Fodder
10. Haloon Fodder
11. Cheena Fodder
12. Jantar Fodder
13. Mott. Grass Fodder

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Kharif crops, Vegetables, Fruits and Pulses

Kharif crops or monsoon crops are domesticated plants that are cultivated and harvested in India, Pakistan and Bangladesh during the rainy season, which lasts from April to October depending on the area. This is a complete list of crops, vegetables, fruits and pulses of Kharif season.
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Kharif Crops
Sugarcane Kharif crops, Vegetables, Fruits and Pulses
Rice Kharif crops, Vegetables, Fruits and Pulses
Cotton Kharif crops, Vegetables, Fruits and Pulses
Bajra Kharif crops, Vegetables, Fruits and Pulses
Jowar Kharif crops, Vegetables, Fruits and Pulses
Maize Kharif crops, Vegetables, Fruits and Pulses
Seasamum Kharif crops, Vegetables, Fruits and Pulses
Turmeric (Haldi) Kharif crops, Vegetables, Fruits and Pulses
Chillies
Groundnut Kharif crops, Vegetables, Fruits and Pulses
Soyabean Kharif crops, Vegetables, Fruits and Pulses
Safflower Kharif crops, Vegetables, Fruits and Pulses
Sunflower
   
Kharif Vegetables
Arum Kharif crops, Vegetables, Fruits and Pulses
Field Vetch (Gowar) Kharif crops, Vegetables, Fruits and Pulses
Cucumber Kharif crops, Vegetables, Fruits and Pulses
Beans Kharif crops, Vegetables, Fruits and Pulses
Long Melon Kharif crops, Vegetables, Fruits and Pulses
Luffa Kharif crops, Vegetables, Fruits and Pulses
Lotus Roats (Bheeh) Kharif crops, Vegetables, Fruits and Pulses
Melon Pumpkin Kharif crops, Vegetables, Fruits and Pulses
Musk Melon Kharif crops, Vegetables, Fruits and Pulses
Pumpkin Kharif crops, Vegetables, Fruits and Pulses
Tinda
Water Melon Kharif crops, Vegetables, Fruits and Pulses
   
Kharif Fruits
Almond Kharif crops, Vegetables, Fruits and Pulses
Apple Kharif crops, Vegetables, Fruits and Pulses
Appricot Kharif crops, Vegetables, Fruits and Pulses
Banana Kharif crops, Vegetables, Fruits and Pulses
Chikoo Kharif crops, Vegetables, Fruits and Pulses
Coconut Kharif crops, Vegetables, Fruits and Pulses
Dates Kharif crops, Vegetables, Fruits and Pulses
Figs Kharif crops, Vegetables, Fruits and Pulses
Garma Kharif crops, Vegetables, Fruits and Pulses
Guava Kharif crops, Vegetables, Fruits and Pulses
Jaman  Kharif crops, Vegetables, Fruits and Pulses
Litchi Kharif crops, Vegetables, Fruits and Pulses
Mango Kharif crops, Vegetables, Fruits and Pulses
Pomegrante Kharif crops, Vegetables, Fruits and Pulses
Plums Kharif crops, Vegetables, Fruits and Pulses
Pears Kharif crops, Vegetables, Fruits and Pulses
Phalsa Kharif crops, Vegetables, Fruits and Pulses
Papaya Kharif crops, Vegetables, Fruits and Pulses
Peaches Kharif crops, Vegetables, Fruits and Pulses
Sarda Kharif crops, Vegetables, Fruits and Pulses
Walnut Kharif crops, Vegetables, Fruits and Pulses
Water & Musk Melons Kharif crops, Vegetables, Fruits and Pulses
   
Kharif Pulses
Mung Kharif pulses
Mash Kharif pulses
Other Kharif Pulses Kharif pulses


Kharif Crops List

The crops that are sown in the rainy season are called kharif crops. (also known as the summer or monsoon crop) in India. Kharif crops are usually sown with the beginning of the first rains in July, during the south-west monsoon season. The main monsoon season in Pakistan and India runs from June to September.

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Paddy Paddy (Oryza sativa, L)

Guar (F) Guar (F) (Cymopsis tetragonaloba, Taub)

Castor Castor (Ricinus communis)

Nagali Nagali (Eleusine coracana, G)

Hy. Cotton Hy Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum, L)

Chilly Chilly (Capsicum frutescens, L)

Cotton Cotton (Gossypium herbaceum, L)

Jowar Jowar (Sorghum vulgare, Pers)

Sesamum Sesamum (Sesamum orientale)

Soyabean Soyabean (Glycine hispida, Merr)

Maize Maize (Zea mays, L)

Urid Urid (Vigna mungo, L)

Bajri Bajri (Pennisetum typhoideum, L)

Arhar Arhar (Cajanus cajan, Milsp)

Ground Nut Ground Nut (Arachis hypogaea, L)

Fennel Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare, Miller)