Kharif Vegetables in Pakistan

Kharif crop refers to the planting, cultivation and harvesting of any domesticated plant sown in the rainy (monsoon) season on the Asian subcontinent. Such vegetation are planted for autumn harvest and may also be known as the summer season or monsoon crop in India and Pakistan. Kharif plants are most often sown with the beginning of the first rains in July, all over the south-west monsoon season. In Pakistan the Kharif season starts on April 16th and lasts until October 15th. Main Kharif plants are cotton, sugarcane, rice, maize.

Kharif Vegetables
Arum
Field Vetch (Gowar)
Cucumber
Beans
Long Melon
Luffa
Lotus Roats (Bheeh)
Melon Pumpkin
Musk Melon
Pumpkin
Tinda
Water Melon

Kharif Crops in Pakistan

Kharif crop refers to the planting, cultivation and harvesting of any domesticated plant sown in the rainy (monsoon) season on the Asian subcontinent. Such vegetation are planted for autumn harvest and may also be known as the summer season or monsoon crop in India and Pakistan. Kharif plants are most often sown with the beginning of the first rains in July, all over the south-west monsoon season. In Pakistan the Kharif season starts on April 16th and lasts until October 15th. Main Kharif plants are cotton, sugarcane, rice, maize.

Kharif Crops
Sugarcane
Rice
Cotton
Bajra
Jowar
Maize
Seasamum
Turmeric (Haldi)
Chillies
Groundnut
Soyabean
Safflower
Sunflower

List of Crops of Pakistan and their Agronomic Use

The following table presents list of common crops of Pakistan, along with their botanical names, agronomic use and sowing season.

Sr. no. Vernacular name Botanical name Family Agronomic use Sowing season
A.      CEREAL CROPS
1. Ghandum / Kanak / Wheat Triticum aestivum Poaceae Cereals Rabi
2. Juo / Barley Hordeum vulgare Poaceae Cereals/ Fodder Rabi
3. Dhaan / Rice / Paddy Oryza sativa Poaceae Cereals Kharif
4. Makkai / Corn / Maize Zea mays Poaceae Cereals / Fodder / Oilseeds Kharif
5. Jowar / Chari / Great Millet / Sorghum Sorghum bicolor Poaceae Cereals / Fodder Kharif (Grain purpose)

Rabi (Fodder purpose)

6. Bajra / Pearl Millet Pennisetum typhoides Poaceae Cereals / Fodder Kharif
B.      FOOD LEGUMES
1. Kalay Channay / Chickpea / Gram Cicer arietinum Fabaceae Pulses Rabi
2. Kabuli Channay / Chickpea / White Gram Cicer arietinum Fabaceae Pulses Rabi
3. Field pea Pisum sativum Fabaceae Pulses Rabi
4. Masur / Lentil Lens culnaris Fabaceae Pulses Rabi
5. Mung bean / Oregon Pea / Green Gram Vigna radiata Fabaceae Pulses Kharif
6. Mash / Urd Bean / Black Gram Vigna mungo Fabaceae Pulses Kharif
7. Pigeon pea / Red Gram / Arhar Cajanus cajan Fabaceae Pulses Kharif
8. Lobia / Cowpea / Black-eyed Pea Vigna unguiculata Fabaceae Pulses Kharif
9. Rawan / Cowpea Vigna unguiculata Fabaceae Pulses Kharif
C.      OILSEED CROPS
1. Toria / Brown or Yellow Sarsoon / Rapeseed Brassica campestris Cruiferae Oilseeds Rabi
2. Gohbi Sarsoon / Rapeseed Brassica napus Cruiferae Oilseeds Rabi
3. Raya / Indian Mustard Brassica juncea Cruiferae Oilseeds Rabi
4. Taramera / Mustard Eruca sativa Cruiferae Oilseeds Rabi
5. Canola / Rapeseed Brassica napus Cruiferae Oilseeds Rabi
6. Moongphali / Ground nut / Peanuts Arachis hypogea Fabaceae Oilseeds Kharif
7. Suraj Mukkhi / Sunflower Helianthus annus Compositae Oilseeds Rabi
8. Makkai / Corn / Maize Zea mays Poaceae Cereals / Fodder / Oilseeds Kharif
9. Zeatoon / Olive Olera europeae Oleaceae Oilseeds
10. Kala Til / Niger Guizotia abyssinica Compositae Oilseeds Kharif
11. Sufaid Til / Sesame Sesamum indicum Pedaliacea Oilseeds Kharif
12. Alsi / Linseed Linum ustitatissimum Linaceae Oilseeds Rabi
13. Guar / Cluster bean Cyamopsis tetragonolba Fabaceae Fodder / Oilseeds Kharif
14. Kappas / Cotton Gossypium arboretum & G. hirsutum Malvaceae Oilseeds  / Fiber Kharif
D.      FIBER CROPS
1. Kappas / Cotton Gossypium arboretum & G. hirsutum Malvaceae Oilseeds  / Fiber Kharif
2. Patsun / Jute Corchorus capsularis / C. olitorius Tilliaceae Fibre Kharif
E.       SUGAR CROPS
1. Kammad / Ganna / Sugarcane Saccharum officinarum Poaceae Sugar Perennial
2. Chuqandar / Sugarbeet Beta vulgaris Chenopodiaceae Sugar Rabi
F.       FORAGE CROPS
1. Berseem / Egyptian Clover Trifolium alexanderinum Fabaceae Fodder / Green Manure Rabi
2. Shaftal / Persian Clover Trifolium resupinatum Fabaceae Fodder Rabi
3. Lucern / Alfalfa Medicago sativa Fabaceae Fodder Rabi
4. Guar / Cluster bean Cyamopsis tetragonolba Fabaceae Fodder / Oilseeds Kharif
5. Jowar / Chari / Great Millet / Sorghum Sorghum bicolor Poaceae Cereals / Fodder Kharif (Grain purpose)

Rabi (Fodder purpose)

6. Jai / Oat Avena sativa Poaceae Fodder / Cereals Rabi
7. Makkai / Corn / Maize Zea mays Poaceae Cereals / Fodder / Oilseeds Kharif
8. Juo / Barley Hordeum vulgare Poaceae Cereals/ Fodder Rabi
9. Kangani Fodder
10. Haloon Fodder
11. Cheena Fodder
12. Jantar Fodder
13. Mott. Grass Fodder

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Kharif, Rabi and Zaid Crops

Kharif Crops

The Kharif crop is the summer crop or monsoon crop in Pakistan and  India.

Sown in :  beginning of the first rains in July
Harvested :  during the rainy (monsoon) season , between April and October


Major Kharif crops of India include Rice, Millets (Bajra and Jowar), Maize, Mung bean, Groundnut, Red Chillies, Cotton, Soyabean, Sugarcane, Turmeric ,Urad bean etc.


Rabi Crops

The Rabi crop is the spring harvest or winter crop in Pakistan and India .
Sown in: Winter ( Last of October)
Harvested in : Spring (March, April)

Major Rabi crops in India include Wheat, Barley, Mustard, Gram, Sesame, Peas, Sunflower, Coriander, Tomato, Onion, Potato, Oat etc.



Zaid Crop

This crop is grown in some parts of country during March to June.

 Major Zaid crops in India are Watermelon, Muskmelon, , bitter gourd, pumpkin, cucumber  etc.

Kharif Vegetables

AGRONOMIC PACKAGES OF KHARIF VEGETABLES

Sr. No.

Name of vegetable

Sowing time

Transpla- nting  Time.

Seed rate

(Kg)

Spacing

FYM Tons

Fertilizer

Delta of water

Marketing

R x R

 P x P

N

P

K

1.

Watermelon

Feb-March

June-July

1.0

1.0

Both sides 3m.beds

 

50 cm

10-15

*25

**25

27

0

0

0

30

May – June

Sept. – Oct.

2

Muskmelon

Feb-March

June-July

1.5

1.5

Both sides 2.5m.beds

 

45 cm

10-15

*25

**25

27

0

25

0

30

May – June

Sept. – Oct.

3

Bitter gourd

March – April

June – July

3.5

3.5

Both sides 2.5m.beds

 

30 cm

10-15

*16

**16

27

0

0

0

30

May – June

Aug.–Oct.

4

Bottle gourd

Feb. – March

 

 

June – July

 

 

October

 

 

2.0

 

 

2.0

 

 

2.0

Both sides 2.5m.beds

Both sides 3.0m.beds

Both sides 2.5m.beds

60 cm

 

 

70 cm

 

 

70 cm

10-15

 

 

 

 

*16

**16

-do-

 

 

-do-

27

0

-do-

 

 

-do-

0

0

-do-

 

 

-do-

30

 

 

 

May – June

 

Aug.–Oct.

 

 

March – May

5

Vegetabe Marrow

Jan. – Feb.

 

 

November

 

 

2.0

 

 

2.0

Both sides 1.5m.beds

Both sdes 1.5m.beds

Both sides

45 cm

 

 

45cm

 

 

10-15

 

 

 

 

*16

**16

-do-

 

 

27

0

-do-

 

0

0

-do-

 

30

 

 

 

April

 

March

6

Sponge gourd

Marc – April

 

June – July

 

1.5

 

 

Both sides 3 m.beds

-do-

70 cm

 

 

10-15

 

 

*16

**16

-do-

27

0

-do-

0

0

-do-

30

 

June – Aug.

 

Aug. – Oct.

7.

Long Melon

Feb.- March

1.0

-do-

30 cm

10-15

*16

**16

27

0

0

0

30

30

April-May

8.

Cucumber

Feb.- March

1.0-1.5

Both sides 2.5m beds

30 cm

10-15

*16

**16

27

0

0

0

30

30

April-May

9

Tinda gourd

March –April

 

June- July

1.5

 

Both sides 2 m beds

-DO-

45 cm

 

10-15

 

*16

**16

27

0

0

0

30

 

30

April-June

 

Aug. –Oct.

10

Okra

Feb. – March

 

June- July

 

10.0

 

8.0

Both side 75 cm Ridges

-do-

20 cm

 

10-15

 

*16

**16

27

0

0

0

21

 

-do-

April-May

 

Sep.- Oct.

11

Chillies

Oct.- Nov.

 

February

Feb.

 

April

0.5

 

-do-

75 cm

 

45 cm

 

15-20

 

*25

**25

 

27

0

25

0

54

 

May – Sep.

 

June- Nov.

12

Brinjal

Nov.

 

Feb.

200-250gm

1 m

50 cm

12-15

*25

**25

27

0

0

0

42

April-June

Feb.

April

June-Sep

June

Aug.

Sep. –Dec.

13

Turmeric

March- April

600-700kg

50 cm

20 cm

20-25

*26

**26

27

0

0

0

72

Feb. – April

14

Arum

Feb. – March

800-900kg

60 cm

15 cm

20-25

*26

**26

36

0

0

0

60

Aug.

15

Sweet Potato

Feb.- march

14000 cutting

 

Both sides 1 m beds

30 cm

*9

23

0

36

July –Aug.

June –July

Nov. Dec.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

*        Before sowing

**      After one month

 

Kharif crops, Vegetables, Fruits and Pulses

Kharif crops or monsoon crops are domesticated plants that are cultivated and harvested in India, Pakistan and Bangladesh during the rainy season, which lasts from April to October depending on the area. This is a complete list of crops, vegetables, fruits and pulses of Kharif season.
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Kharif Crops
Sugarcane Kharif crops, Vegetables, Fruits and Pulses
Rice Kharif crops, Vegetables, Fruits and Pulses
Cotton Kharif crops, Vegetables, Fruits and Pulses
Bajra Kharif crops, Vegetables, Fruits and Pulses
Jowar Kharif crops, Vegetables, Fruits and Pulses
Maize Kharif crops, Vegetables, Fruits and Pulses
Seasamum Kharif crops, Vegetables, Fruits and Pulses
Turmeric (Haldi) Kharif crops, Vegetables, Fruits and Pulses
Chillies
Groundnut Kharif crops, Vegetables, Fruits and Pulses
Soyabean Kharif crops, Vegetables, Fruits and Pulses
Safflower Kharif crops, Vegetables, Fruits and Pulses
Sunflower
   
Kharif Vegetables
Arum Kharif crops, Vegetables, Fruits and Pulses
Field Vetch (Gowar) Kharif crops, Vegetables, Fruits and Pulses
Cucumber Kharif crops, Vegetables, Fruits and Pulses
Beans Kharif crops, Vegetables, Fruits and Pulses
Long Melon Kharif crops, Vegetables, Fruits and Pulses
Luffa Kharif crops, Vegetables, Fruits and Pulses
Lotus Roats (Bheeh) Kharif crops, Vegetables, Fruits and Pulses
Melon Pumpkin Kharif crops, Vegetables, Fruits and Pulses
Musk Melon Kharif crops, Vegetables, Fruits and Pulses
Pumpkin Kharif crops, Vegetables, Fruits and Pulses
Tinda
Water Melon Kharif crops, Vegetables, Fruits and Pulses
   
Kharif Fruits
Almond Kharif crops, Vegetables, Fruits and Pulses
Apple Kharif crops, Vegetables, Fruits and Pulses
Appricot Kharif crops, Vegetables, Fruits and Pulses
Banana Kharif crops, Vegetables, Fruits and Pulses
Chikoo Kharif crops, Vegetables, Fruits and Pulses
Coconut Kharif crops, Vegetables, Fruits and Pulses
Dates Kharif crops, Vegetables, Fruits and Pulses
Figs Kharif crops, Vegetables, Fruits and Pulses
Garma Kharif crops, Vegetables, Fruits and Pulses
Guava Kharif crops, Vegetables, Fruits and Pulses
Jaman  Kharif crops, Vegetables, Fruits and Pulses
Litchi Kharif crops, Vegetables, Fruits and Pulses
Mango Kharif crops, Vegetables, Fruits and Pulses
Pomegrante Kharif crops, Vegetables, Fruits and Pulses
Plums Kharif crops, Vegetables, Fruits and Pulses
Pears Kharif crops, Vegetables, Fruits and Pulses
Phalsa Kharif crops, Vegetables, Fruits and Pulses
Papaya Kharif crops, Vegetables, Fruits and Pulses
Peaches Kharif crops, Vegetables, Fruits and Pulses
Sarda Kharif crops, Vegetables, Fruits and Pulses
Walnut Kharif crops, Vegetables, Fruits and Pulses
Water & Musk Melons Kharif crops, Vegetables, Fruits and Pulses
   
Kharif Pulses
Mung Kharif pulses
Mash Kharif pulses
Other Kharif Pulses Kharif pulses