Rabi and Kharif Classification in Pakistan

Kharif Crops

 

1

Sugarcane

 

2

Rice

 

3

Cotton

 

4

Bajra

 

5

Jowar

 

6

Maize

 

7

Seasamum

 

8

Turmeric (Haldi)

 

9

Chillies

 

10

Groundnut

 

11

Soyabean

 

12

Safflower

 

13

Sunflowe

 

 

Rabi Crop

 

 

1

Wheat

 

 

2

Tomato

 

 

3

Tobacco

 

 

4

Rapeseed & Mustard

 

 

5

Potato

 

 

6

Onion

 

 

7

Linseed (Alsee)

 

 

8

Gram

 

 

9

Garlic

 

 

10

Coriander

 

 

11

Barley

 

 

Kharif Vegetables

 

1

Arum

 

2

Field Vetch (Gowar)

 

3

Cucumber

 

4

Beans

 

5

Long Melon

 

6

Luffa

 

7

Lotus Roats (Bheeh)

 

8

Melon Pumpkin

 

9

Musk Melon

 

10

Pumpkin

 

11

Tinda

 

12

Water Melon

Rabi Vegetables

 

1

Cauliflower

 

2

Radish

 

3

Spinach

 

4

Sweet Potato

 

5

Tomato

 

6

Turnip

 

7

Mattar (Green)

 

8

Beans

 

9

Beets (Chakandar)

 

10

Fenno Greek (Methi)

 

11

Lettuce (Salad)

 

12

 Khol Khal (Band Ghoobi)

 

13

ther

 

14

Carrot

 

15

Cabbage

 

16

Lady Finger

 

17

Brinjal

 

 

Kharif Fruits

 

 

1

Almond

 

 

2

Apple

 

 

3

Appricot

 

 

4

Banana

 

 

5

Chikoo

 

 

6

Coconut

 

 

7

Dates

 

 

8

Figs

 

 

9

Garma

 

 

10

Guava

 

 

11

Jaman

 

 

12

Litchi

 

 

13

Mango

 

 

14

Pomegrante

 

 

15

Plums

 

 

16

Pears

 

 

17

Phalsa

 

 

18

Papaya

 

 

19

Peaches

 

 

20

Sarda

 

 

21

Walnut

 

 

22

Water & Musk Melons

 

 

Rabi Fruits

 

1

Banana

 

2

Ber

 

3

Guava

 

4

Laquat

 

5

Grapes

 

6

Dates

 

7

Almond

 

8

Mulbery

 

9

Others

 

10

Grape Fruit

 

11

Kinnu

 

12

Lemon

 

13

Mandrine

 

14

Orange

 

15

Musumbi

 

16

Sour Lime

 

17

Sour Orange

 

18

Sweet Lime

 

19

Other Citrus

Rabi Pulses

 

1

Masoor

 

2

Mattar (Pulse)

 

3

Other Rabi Pulses

 

 

Kharif Pulses

 

 

1

Mung

 

 

2

Mash

 

 

3

Other Kharif Pulses

 

List of Crops of Pakistan and their Agronomic Use

The following table presents list of common crops of Pakistan, along with their botanical names, agronomic use and sowing season.

Sr. no. Vernacular name Botanical name Family Agronomic use Sowing season
A.      CEREAL CROPS
1. Ghandum / Kanak / Wheat Triticum aestivum Poaceae Cereals Rabi
2. Juo / Barley Hordeum vulgare Poaceae Cereals/ Fodder Rabi
3. Dhaan / Rice / Paddy Oryza sativa Poaceae Cereals Kharif
4. Makkai / Corn / Maize Zea mays Poaceae Cereals / Fodder / Oilseeds Kharif
5. Jowar / Chari / Great Millet / Sorghum Sorghum bicolor Poaceae Cereals / Fodder Kharif (Grain purpose)

Rabi (Fodder purpose)

6. Bajra / Pearl Millet Pennisetum typhoides Poaceae Cereals / Fodder Kharif
B.      FOOD LEGUMES
1. Kalay Channay / Chickpea / Gram Cicer arietinum Fabaceae Pulses Rabi
2. Kabuli Channay / Chickpea / White Gram Cicer arietinum Fabaceae Pulses Rabi
3. Field pea Pisum sativum Fabaceae Pulses Rabi
4. Masur / Lentil Lens culnaris Fabaceae Pulses Rabi
5. Mung bean / Oregon Pea / Green Gram Vigna radiata Fabaceae Pulses Kharif
6. Mash / Urd Bean / Black Gram Vigna mungo Fabaceae Pulses Kharif
7. Pigeon pea / Red Gram / Arhar Cajanus cajan Fabaceae Pulses Kharif
8. Lobia / Cowpea / Black-eyed Pea Vigna unguiculata Fabaceae Pulses Kharif
9. Rawan / Cowpea Vigna unguiculata Fabaceae Pulses Kharif
C.      OILSEED CROPS
1. Toria / Brown or Yellow Sarsoon / Rapeseed Brassica campestris Cruiferae Oilseeds Rabi
2. Gohbi Sarsoon / Rapeseed Brassica napus Cruiferae Oilseeds Rabi
3. Raya / Indian Mustard Brassica juncea Cruiferae Oilseeds Rabi
4. Taramera / Mustard Eruca sativa Cruiferae Oilseeds Rabi
5. Canola / Rapeseed Brassica napus Cruiferae Oilseeds Rabi
6. Moongphali / Ground nut / Peanuts Arachis hypogea Fabaceae Oilseeds Kharif
7. Suraj Mukkhi / Sunflower Helianthus annus Compositae Oilseeds Rabi
8. Makkai / Corn / Maize Zea mays Poaceae Cereals / Fodder / Oilseeds Kharif
9. Zeatoon / Olive Olera europeae Oleaceae Oilseeds
10. Kala Til / Niger Guizotia abyssinica Compositae Oilseeds Kharif
11. Sufaid Til / Sesame Sesamum indicum Pedaliacea Oilseeds Kharif
12. Alsi / Linseed Linum ustitatissimum Linaceae Oilseeds Rabi
13. Guar / Cluster bean Cyamopsis tetragonolba Fabaceae Fodder / Oilseeds Kharif
14. Kappas / Cotton Gossypium arboretum & G. hirsutum Malvaceae Oilseeds  / Fiber Kharif
D.      FIBER CROPS
1. Kappas / Cotton Gossypium arboretum & G. hirsutum Malvaceae Oilseeds  / Fiber Kharif
2. Patsun / Jute Corchorus capsularis / C. olitorius Tilliaceae Fibre Kharif
E.       SUGAR CROPS
1. Kammad / Ganna / Sugarcane Saccharum officinarum Poaceae Sugar Perennial
2. Chuqandar / Sugarbeet Beta vulgaris Chenopodiaceae Sugar Rabi
F.       FORAGE CROPS
1. Berseem / Egyptian Clover Trifolium alexanderinum Fabaceae Fodder / Green Manure Rabi
2. Shaftal / Persian Clover Trifolium resupinatum Fabaceae Fodder Rabi
3. Lucern / Alfalfa Medicago sativa Fabaceae Fodder Rabi
4. Guar / Cluster bean Cyamopsis tetragonolba Fabaceae Fodder / Oilseeds Kharif
5. Jowar / Chari / Great Millet / Sorghum Sorghum bicolor Poaceae Cereals / Fodder Kharif (Grain purpose)

Rabi (Fodder purpose)

6. Jai / Oat Avena sativa Poaceae Fodder / Cereals Rabi
7. Makkai / Corn / Maize Zea mays Poaceae Cereals / Fodder / Oilseeds Kharif
8. Juo / Barley Hordeum vulgare Poaceae Cereals/ Fodder Rabi
9. Kangani Fodder
10. Haloon Fodder
11. Cheena Fodder
12. Jantar Fodder
13. Mott. Grass Fodder

[woo_product_slider id=”64262″]

Kharif, Rabi and Zaid Crops

Kharif Crops

The Kharif crop is the summer crop or monsoon crop in Pakistan and  India.

Sown in :  beginning of the first rains in July
Harvested :  during the rainy (monsoon) season , between April and October


Major Kharif crops of India include Rice, Millets (Bajra and Jowar), Maize, Mung bean, Groundnut, Red Chillies, Cotton, Soyabean, Sugarcane, Turmeric ,Urad bean etc.


Rabi Crops

The Rabi crop is the spring harvest or winter crop in Pakistan and India .
Sown in: Winter ( Last of October)
Harvested in : Spring (March, April)

Major Rabi crops in India include Wheat, Barley, Mustard, Gram, Sesame, Peas, Sunflower, Coriander, Tomato, Onion, Potato, Oat etc.



Zaid Crop

This crop is grown in some parts of country during March to June.

 Major Zaid crops in India are Watermelon, Muskmelon, , bitter gourd, pumpkin, cucumber  etc.

Rabi Crops, Vegetables, Fruits and Pulses

Rabi crops or Rabi harvest are agricultural crops sown in winter and harvested in the spring in South Asia. The term is derived from the Arabic word for “spring”, which is used in the Indian subcontinent, where it is the spring harvest (also known as the “winter crop“).

Rabi Crops

Wheat Wheat
Tomato Tomato
Tobacco Tobacco
Rapeseed & Mustard Rapeseed & Mustard
Potato Potato
Onion Onion
 Linseed (Alsee)  Linseed (Alsee)
Gram Gram
Garlic Garlic
Coriander Coriander
Barley Barley
Rabi Vegetables
Cauliflower Cauliflower
Radish Radish
Spinach Spinach
Sweet Potato Sweet Potato
Tomato Tomato
Turnip Turnip
Mattar (Green) Mattar (Green)
Beans Beans
Beets (Chakandar) Beets (Chakandar)
Fenugreek (Methi) Fenugreek (Methi)
Lettuce (Salad) Lettuce
Khol Khal (Band Ghoobi) Khol Khal
Other  
Carrot Carrot
Cabbage Cabbage
Lady Finger Lady Finger
Brinjal Brinjal
   
Rabi Fruits
Banana Banana
Ber Ber
Guava Guava
Laquat Laquat
Grapes Grapes
Dates Dates
Almond Almond
Mulbery Mulbery
Others  
Grape Fruit Grape Fruit
Kinnu Kinnu
Lemon Lemon
Mandrine Mandrine
Orange Orange
Musumbi Musumbi
Sour Lime Sour Lime
Sour Orange Sour Orange
Sweet Lime Sweet Lime
Other Citrus  Citrus
   
Rabi Pulses
Masoor Masoor
Mattar (Pulse)
Mattar (Pulse)
Which Yellow Split Pea? myfavouritepastime.com
Other Rabi Pulses  Rabi Pulses

Rabi crops: IRSA increases water supply by seven percent

The Indus River System Authority (IRSA) has downgraded projected water shortage for Rabi crops 2013-14 from 15 percent to 7 percent during the months of February and March as water availability in the dams and the rivers has improved considerably.

Punjab Canal Regulator and Consultant, M.H.Siddiqui, told Business Recorder here on Friday that in addition to the running water in the four live rivers of the country, 4.6 million acre ft water was still available in Tarbela and Mangla dams and Chashma reservoir for growing and maturing crops including wheat, grams, lentils, oilseeds, vegetables, fodder and orchards etc in February and March.
IRSA increases water supply by seven percent 300x300 Rabi crops: IRSA increases water supply by seven percent
2.434 MAF water is available in Tarbela dam on river Indus, 2.094 MAF in Mangla dam on river Jhelum and 0.079 MAF in Chashma barrage, he added. Siddiqui said Punjab Irrigation department has been running canals in central Punjab by drawing 20,000 cusecs water from the Mangla dam and 7,300 cusecs run of the river Chenab water, yet it will open canals emanating from river Indus on 5th February 2014.

He said since the repairs work of the Qadirabad Barrage on the river Chenab and Balloki headwork on the river Ravi is still going on, the irrigation canals taking off from these water regulators would be opened on 5th February to supply water to the districts of Okara, Sahiwal, Pakpattan, Bahawalnagar to water the crops.

According to January 31 rivers flows and reservoirs level report of Water and Power Development Authority (WAPDA), IRSA is releasing about 70,000 cusecs water in the water ways across the country against the inflow of 36,000 cusecs at the rim stations of the river Indus 14,300 cusecs, river Kabul 8600 cusecs, Jhelum 7,000 and Chenab 7,300 cusecs.

Meanwhile Meteorological department has said that 3 to 4 spells of winter rain/ snowfall are expected during the month of February 2014.The first spell is likely to occur during the first week of February, barani areas of wheat crop may receive good rain during the period.

Source: Business Recorder

Rabi Crops List

The crops that are sown in the winter season are called Rabi crops. (also known as the “winter crop”) in Pakistan and India. The Rabi means, when the crop is harvested.Crops that are grown in the winter season, from November to April are called Rabi Crops.Some of the important rabi crops are wheat, barley, peas, gram and mustard.

[woo_product_slider id=”64262″]

Maize Maize (Zea mays, L)

Lucerne Lucerne (Hedicago sativa)

Cumin Cumin (Cuminum cyminum, L)

Coriender Coriender (Coriandrum sativum, L)

Wheat Wheat (Triticum vulgare, Vill)

Fenugreek Fenugreek (Trigonella foenumgraecum, L)

Gram Gram (Cicer arientinum)

Onion Onion (Allium cepa, L)

Mustard Mustard (Brassica juncea, L)

Tomato Tomato (Lycopersicum esculentum, Mill)

Fennel Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare, Miller)

Potato Potato (Solanum tuberosum)

Isabgol Isabgol (Plantago ovata. Fors)

 

OatOat (Avena sativa)