FAO strengthening institutional capacities for sustainable water management

Strengthening institutional capacities for sustainable control of sun powered irrigation techniques (SPIS) workshop took place in Islamabad on 24 April 2019. The match was organized by way of the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) in collaboration with International Center for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD). In contemporary years, solar powered irrigation programs (SPIS) have turn out to be an increasing number of viable for nations as a competent, clean-energy solution for agriculture water use, particularly in spaces with high-incident solar radiation.

As investment prices for SPIS decrease, and governments proceed to subsidize technology, SPIS are becoming a gorgeous option for plenty of farmers. In rural spaces, SPIS could be a method of ensuring get entry to to energy for agriculture, in particular for users in rural areas that lack dependable get admission to to electricity or where diesel gasoline is pricey. In addition, a growing number of nations are promoting SPIS in the framework of national action plans against local weather alternate as some way of lowering carbon emissions in agriculture.

It is crucial, due to this fact, to beef up water control to reach both high water productiveness and increase rural earning

With SPIS expansion and promotion continuing in South Asia, there is a chance to scrupulously imagine the impacts of this generation. This workshop highlighted the desire for a greater working out of ways this technology results groundwater regulation and use, along with exploring financial models and insurance policies that may make sure the poorest farmers get pleasure from the technology where water useful resource prerequisites are appropriate.

Muhammad Hashim Popalzai, Federal Secretary, Ministry of Food Security and Research inaugurated the training saying he was hoping that this workshop would get a hold of policy answers for the stakeholders as well as the government.

FAO Representative Mina Dowlatchahi stated there may be an pressing need to use water extra efficiently in agriculture, however, however, irrigation is likely one of the primary tactics to extend meals manufacturing and rural incomes. It is crucial, due to this fact, to beef up water control to reach both high water productiveness and increase rural earning.

FAO stood ready training and capability development are needed to develop the talents, knowledge and approach to outline, plan and put in force programmes in integrated water resource construction in agriculture.
A panel dialogue also happened, which emphasized the desire for institutional framework, and capability construction of the irrigation establishments of the country. The panelist integrated Robina Wahaj, Land and Water Officer FAO, Dr. Muhammad Ashraf DG-PCRWR, Dr. Pervez Amir water skilled, Dr. Abdul Majeed, water, energy, and climate specialist IUCN, and Dr. Bashir Ahmad, CEWRI, NARC.

Dr Robina Wahaj from FAO stated that consolidated information concerning the groundwater in Pakistan must be available and made out there to the entire stakeholders, which can only be finished via capacity construction and the easier connectivity of establishment.

Inefficient irrigation device is the cause of the mismatched demand and supply of considerable water to agriculture, however, over extraction of the ground water can briefly expend the natural resource, and sun powered irrigation generally is a solution for that.

Group discussion adopted where over thirty participants divided into clusters to speak about the policy framework, socio economic signs for SPIS feasibility mapping, and the bodily indicators for the mapping.

Pakistan ranked 3rd in world for newly installed hydropower capacity

ISLAMABAD – Pakistan has been ranked third on this planet for newly installed hydropower capability, much ahead of the United States and India. Out of the highest 20 countries which installed new hydro capacity right through 2018, Pakistan, with the brand new put in capacity of 2487MW, has been ranked 3rd, just at the back of China and Brazil which might be ranked 1st and 2d respectively in the list, declared via the International Hydropower Association (IHA) in its not too long ago issued report titled 2019: Hydropower Status Report – Sector Trends and Insights.

Formed underneath the auspices of UNESCO in 1995 as a discussion board to advertise and disseminate good observe about hydropower, IHA champions steady growth and sustainable practices around the sector.

India with 535 MW new put in capability is ranked 8th whilst US with 141MW is ranked 15th of the list. Listing down best 20 international locations through newly installed capability, the IHA states in its file that Pakistan managed so as to add 2487MW of environment-friendly hydel electricity in 2018 following China and Brazil at the first and second rung that added 8540MW and 3866 MW to their programs respectively.

Pakistan controlled so as to add 2487 MW of environment-friendly hydel electrical energy in 2018, simply in the back of China and Brazil which are ranked 1st and 2nd respectively in checklist Country has doable of generating 60000mw of low-cost hydel electrical energy.

Turkey with an addition of 1085 MW and Angola with an addition of 668 MW remained at 4th and fifth positions respectively as far as newly put in hydro capacity is concerned. The neighbouring India stood on the eighth position that might succeeded in adding 535 MW hydel electrical energy to its device not too long ago.
It is pertinent to say here that the entire new hydro initiatives had been initiated and finished all through the tenure of earlier government of PML(N). As in step with the IHA document, electricity generation from hydropower tasks accomplished a record four,200 terawatt hours (TWh) in 2018, the best possible ever contribution from a renewable power supply, as worldwide installed hydropower capacity climbed to one,292 GW, in line with the record .

China added the most capacity with the installation of eight,540 megawatts (MW), followed by way of Brazil (three,866 MW), Pakistan (2,487 MW), Turkey (1,085 MW), Angola (668 MW), Tajikistan (605 MW), Ecuador (556 MW), India (535 MW), Norway (419 MW) and Canada (401 MW).Brazil has now overtaken the United States as the second one biggest manufacturer of hydroelectricity by way of installed capability, after 3,055 MW was once put into operation final year at the 11,000 MW Belo Monte advanced within the country’s northeast.

During the yr 2018, Pakistan has successfully completed and commissioned three long-delayed mega hydropower tasks with cumulative era capability of 2487 MW. The new initiatives come with the commissioning of the 108 MW-Golen Gol hydropower mission, 1410 MW-Tarbela 4th Extension and the 969 MW-Neelum Jhelum hydropower projects.

The general installed technology capacity of hydroelectric energy in Pakistan surged to 9389 MW from 6902 MW, registering an build up of 36 percent in just one yr. It may be value to mention right here that from 1958 to 2017 in 59 years of its inception WAPDA may just arrange to take its hydel generation to 6902 MW.

According the reliable estimates Pakistan has an indentified possible of producing 60000 MW of cheap hydel electrical energy.

Rabi crop to stand 33 percentwater scarcity: IRSA

Rabi crop to stand 33 percentwater scarcity: IRSA

ISLAMABAD – The ongoing Rabi season will have to face 33 according to cent water scarcity as a substitute of 38 consistent with cent previous forecast by the Indus River System Authority.

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Talking to APP right here , IRSA spokesman Khalid Idrees Rana said that previous 38 according to cent water shortage was forecast for the present season. However, frequent rain spells that began in January helped in overcoming the water shortage but even so making improvements to the bottom stage.

The rains have been additionally blessings for all seasonal plants, fruit orchids and vegetables, he added.

He said that recently round 1,000,000 acre of ft of water was available within the reservoirs. However, at the call for of Sindh and Punjab provinces water was best being discharge for ingesting function.

Currently, 1 MAF of water available within the reservoirs

He said that catchment spaces had additionally won extra snow this year and with rise in mercury, it will get started melting which might lend a hand higher water influx in the rivers.

To a query, he stated that technical and advisory committee of IRSA would meet in remaining week of this month to review water state of affairs for upcoming Kharif season.

Meanwhile, IRSA Wednesday released 66,500 cusecs water from more than a few rim stations with influx of 82,600 cusecs.

According to the data released via IRSA, water level in the Indus River at Tarbela Dam used to be 1,393.98 toes, which was once 7.98 toes upper than its lifeless degree of 1,386 feet. Water influx in the dam was once recorded as 21,200 cusecs and outflow as 20,000 cusecs.

The water degree in the Jhelum River at Mangla Dam used to be 1,125.65 toes, which was once 85.65 toes higher than its dead degree of one,040 toes while the influx and outflow of water used to be recorded as 32,900 cusecs and 18,000 cusecs respectively.
The unencumber of water at Kalabagh, Taunsa and Sukkur was once recorded as 34,000 cusecs, 33,700 cusecs and five,100 cusecs respectively.

Similarly from the Kabul River, 13,200 cusecs of water was once released at Nowshera and 4,000 cusecs from the Chenab River at Marala.

The general water storage capacity stood at zero.959 million acre toes.

Water shortages put agriculture sector under pressure: State Bank

KARACHI: Water shortages resulted in decline of space underneath cultivation and production of principally cotton and rice within the country normally and Sindh especially, the primary quarterly report of the banking concern of West Pakistan (SBP) over the state of the economy same on Tuesday.

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Agriculture preliminary estimates for the key kharif crops, specifically cotton, rice, sugarcane and maize, reveal a subdued performance of the world. “This is basically explained by a substantial decline within the space underneath cultivation, particularly in Sindh,” the report same.

Water shortage remained the key reason behind a decline in space underneath cultivation whereas matters would become dangerous within the coming back years, the SBP report same.

Thus, the financial organisation has steered construction of little reservoirs and adaptation of conservation measures as well as imposing higher costs of irrigation water for additional water overwhelming crops, especially, sugarcane.

The total space seeded underneath kharif crops for FY19 stood at seven.54 million hectares, a decline of seven.7 % over FY18. The contribution of kharif crops within the gross price addition (GVA) of the agriculture sector would possibly fall considerably below the FY18 level.

Going forward, the report same Rabi season was expected to receive 35-40 % lower canal water flows compared to the particular allotment of thirty seven.0 MAF. The erratic nature of stream inflows and monsoon rain needs correct management at the provincial level for meeting the crop water demand. The bank steered that farmers’ participation within the management of canal infrastructure would increase the answerableness.

“Farmers’ organisations and space water boards are the no-hit models, as farmers take possession of the system, leading to reduced wastages,” the report same.
Situation of major crops

Cotton: the newest estimates for cotton crop reveal a worrying image, because the total production in FY19 is calculable at ten.8 million bales, a decrease of nine.2 % over the last year’s production level, and trailing twenty four.3 % behind the targeted level of fourteen.4 million bales for the year.

Given the typical mills’ annual consumption of around fourteen million bales within the country, the assembly is anticipated to stay short by around twenty three % for the ginners, as per their put in capability for value-addition.

Sugarcane: Estimates place sugarcane production at sixty eight.3 million tons, matching the set target of sixty eight.2 million tons for the year, however falling sixteen.9 % in need of the assembly level achieved within the last year.

Rice: Initial estimates indicate that rice production stood at seven.1 million tons throughout the FY19 kharif season, beyond the target of half-dozen.9 million tons, but 4.4 % below the record crop witnessed throughout FY18.

While the basmati performance in geographic area was applaudable, because the calculable crop exceeded the four million tons mark, the assembly in Sindh suffered a contraction of fifteen.2 % on a year on year basis, for the most part because of a contraction within the space underneath cultivation.

Irri and hybrid varieties in Sindh suffered because of exceptional water shortages (a decline of forty three % throughout the amount underneath review) and also the poor quality of groundwater, leading to a complete space contraction of seventeen.1 % compared to FY18.

Climate Change: One More Problem for Pakistan

The Indus river, originating on the Tibetan Plateau and flowing for nearly 2,000 miles through the disputed territory of Jammu and Kashmir and finally down to the province of Sindh and out into the Arabian Sea, is key to life in Pakistan.

The majority of Pakistan’s 190 million people are involved in agriculture: the Indus, fed by glaciers high up in the Hindu Kush-Karakoram Himalaya mountain range, provides water for 90% of the country’s crops.

Meanwhile hydro-power facilities based on the Indus generate around 50% of Pakistan’s total electricity.

Climate change is now threatening this vital waterway – and the future of millions in Pakistan. In recent weeks it has launched, in collaboration with the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), its first ever national policy on climate change.

“Pakistan is among the most vulnerable countries facing climate risks”, says Marc-Andre Franche, the UNDP’s Pakistan director. ”Mechanisms need to be devised for greener, more resilient options for growth and sustainable development… the climate change clock is ticking too fast and the time to act is here and now.”
Pakistan’s scientists say that in order for the new policy to be effective a number of steps need to be urgently taken to mitigate the impacts of climate change. These include developing high temperature-tolerant crop strains, comprehensive flood warning systems and more reservoirs on the upper Indus. But there are serious doubts about funding for such schemes.

Economy at risk:

According to data gathered from 56 meteorological stations throughout Pakistan, there has been a marked increase in heat waves and rising temperatures in the vast Indus Delta in recent years.

In an article in the Pakistan Journal of Meteorology, Rasul and others say there is a greater incidence of tropical cyclones and of saline intrusion in coastal regions. Already wheat and banana harvests in the Indus Delta are being affected.

Rising temperatures are also causing health problems among the area’s population. In many cases farmers in the region – among the poorest people in the world – are abandoning their lands and migrating to already overcrowded cities.

If this trend continues it could have devastating consequences for the wider economy. Sindh and the Indus Delta have become one of the world’s premier cotton-producing areas, feeding Pakistan’s economically vital textile industry. Falling cotton production in the region would not only hurt Pakistan: it would also trigger a substantial rise in world cotton prices.

Meanwhile in the mountainous far north most glaciers are in retreat, though some in the Karakoram range are stable or even – for as yet unknown reasons – expanding. Experts say that while melting glaciers might offset temperature rises and act as a form of insurance against drought in the short term, the long term prognosis is not good.

David Grey, former senior water advisor at the World Bank and now visiting Professor of Water Policy at Oxford University, says that although there is insufficient data to come to an accurate long term assessment of what will happen to the Indus, there are deep anxieties.

“We all have very nasty fears that the flows of the Indus could be severely, severely affected by glacier melt as a consequence of climate change. Now what does that mean to a population that lives in a desert – without the river, there would be no life? I don’t know the answer to that question”, he says. “But we need to be concerned about that. Deeply, deeply concerned.”

By  Kieran Cooke

Source: Truthdig

Mangla Dam water nears maximum capacity level

Water level in the country’s largest AJK-based reservoir namely Mangla dam is rising as its water level was on Saturday recorded at 1121.50 feet against the maximum level of 1242 feet with live storage of 0.827 MAF, official sources said.

The minimum operating water level in the dam is 1050 feet, the sources told this correspondent. The inflow of Jhelum River at Mangla was reported as 49,200 cusecs with the outflows of 25,000 cusecs from the Mangla reservoir. The overall position of the was inflow and outflow at Tarbela, Mangla and Chashma along with the reservoirs levels and the barrages remained on Saturday as under:

Indus River at Tarbela: Inflows 212800 cusecs and Outflows 140000 cusecs, Kabul River at Nowshera: Inflows 53800 cusecs and Outflows 53800 cusecs, Jhelum River at Mangla: Inflows 49200 cusecs and Outflows 25000 cusecs, Chenab River at Marala: Inflows 88100 cusecs and Outflows 55100 cusecs.

Jinnah Barrage: Inflows 193200 cusecs and Outflows 188200 cusecs, Chashma Barrage: Inflows 191300 cusecs and Outflows 180000 cusecs, Taunsa Barrage: Inflows 181400 cusecs and Outflows 173100 cusecs, Panjnad Barrage: Inflows 10100 cusecs and Outflows Nil cusecs Guddu Barrage: Inflows 134900 cusecs and Outflows 96300 cusecs, Sukkur Barrage: Inflows 83500 cusecs and Outflows 35600, Kotri Barrage: Inflows 34400 cusecs and Outflows Nil.

Tarbela Reservoir: Minimum operating level 1386 feet, present level 1405.51 feet, maximum conservation level 1550 feet, live storage today 0.262 million acre feet (MAF).

Mangla Reservoir: Minimum operating level 1050 feet, present level 1121.50 feet, maximum conservation level 1242 feet, live storage today 0.827 MAF. Chashma Reservoir: Minimum operating level 638.15 feet, present level 641.60 feet, maximum conservation level 649 feet, live storage today 0.051 MAF.

The inflows and outflows of River Indus at Tarbela and Chashma, River Kabul at Nowshera and River Jhelum at Mangla have been reflected as mean flows of 24 hours, whereas the other flows have been gauged at 6.00 a.m.