Kharif Fruits in Pakistan

Kharif fruits refers to the planting, cultivation and harvesting of any domesticated plant sown in the rainy (monsoon) season on the Asian subcontinent. Such vegetation are planted for autumn harvest and may also be known as the summer season or monsoon crop in India and Pakistan.

Kharif Fruits
Water & Musk Melons

How To Grow Papaya: Growing Papaya From Seeds

Growing papayas

The fruit of papayas is high in nutrition C. You too can pick out the fruit when it’s inexperienced and cook dinner it like a marrow.

Female and male plants do not grow on the similar tree, so you must have male and female bushes in the garden.


Papayas develop absolute best in hot areas.

They can tolerate mild frost if they’re protected from cold winds.

Soil requirements

They can grow in maximum kinds of soil, nevertheless it must be smartly drained.

The roots can get sicknesses if the soil stays too rainy.

Loamy soils are highest.

Planting date

Papayas may also be planted at any time of the 12 months, but ideally in past due summer time.


Plant papayas 1,five metres between crops and

3 to 4 metres between rows.

Growing papayas from seeds

It is simple to grow the peculiar papaya tree from seed.

Wash the seeds from a ripe papaya.

Squeeze the seeds from the jelly bag that covers every seed. The seeds will handiest develop in case you take away the bag.

Dry them in a shady position.

Store in a tightly closed container and keep them till December.

Plant the seeds in December. Put five seeds to a hole. Do now not put any compost or manure into the holes.

Keep the small vegetation wet.

You can simplest inform which trees are feminine and that are male when the bushes begin to flower. Therefore, you will have to all the time have more than one tree in step with hole, as a result of then you’ll be able to make a choice the feminine bushes.

Female plant life bigger closer to the department than the male flowers

Male plant life very small there are lots of flowers which grow on lengthy branches of the stem.

Only female timber give fruit however they need male plants to pollinate them. Leave 1 male tree for 10 feminine timber.


Dig a hole about two times the size of the bag in which the young tree is rising.

Remove the soil from the hole and add some compost and manure. Mix this with one of the most soil that has been dug out.Take the plant out of the container. If it is a plastic container you simply cut it open on the aspect.

Do now not disturb the roots.

Place the tree in the centre of the outlet. When you refill the hole hold the tree so that its base is degree with the surrounding ground.

Raise the soil across the tree to block the water (rain or irrigation).

Do no longer plant the tree deeper than it was in the container.

Do not duvet the stem with soil as a result of it will rot.


Papayas want little water.

They will, alternatively, give extra and larger fruit if they are watered every 2 weeks in the dry season. The plant life will drop if they don’t get enough water.

If they are planted in clay soils, be sure that the soil does now not stay too wet.

To keep away from waterlogging in clay soil, make a ridge and plant the papayas at the ridge.


Compost or manure

Give the tree:

1 bucketful in September,

1 bucketful in November

any other bucketful in January.

Sprinkle a few handfuls of manure evenly around the tree each month from September to the tip of March.

NB: Do not apply chicken manure on timber younger than 2 years as it will possibly burn the young papaya timber.

Artificial fertiliser

Give the bushes 4 tablespoonfuls (115 g) of 2:3:2 in September, November and January.

Sprinkle flippantly around the tree, now not in opposition to the stem.

Keep the timber mulched always (use grass, leaves, and many others).

Do no longer grow other plants subsequent to the trunk as a result of it is quite cushy. If the trunk is broken the papaya tree can get illnesses.

If the fruit presentations humps the tree may be in need of boron. Sprinkle 2 tablespoonfuls of borax across the tree.

Pruning and thinning

You can lower the tree (take away most sensible) so that it does not grow too tall. This encourages branching. Cut into wintry weather wooden, the place leaf scars are shut together. Paint the cut with a sealant.


You can pick out the fruit when the outside begins to turn out to be yellow.

The fruit will ripen after you have picked it.

Handle it moderately because it gets bruised simply.


Papaya bushes simply get black leafspot. Your nearest extension officer or cooperative will be capable to inform you find out how to treat this illness.

Papaya Leaf: Benefits and How To Use It

There are many ways to use papaya leaf for your overall health, but before adding this nutrient powerhouse to your diet, it’s best to understand what it’s all about.

What Is Papaya Leaf?

Papaya leaf is the leaf of the papaya tree, scientifically known as Carica papaya, which can be found in tropical regions of the Americas. The fruit of this tree is considered an exotic delicacy and has a wealth of nutrients and antioxidants. However, the leaves of this tree are also quite impressive and are commonly used in both medicinal and culinary uses. Thanks to the high concentration of papain and other unique enzymes, as well as various phytonutrients and antioxidants, these leaves can be an excellent remedy for a variety of ailments.

Papaya Leaf Health Benefits

There are many health benefits of papaya leaf, including a reduction in the symptoms of the following:

  • Dengue fever,
  • Malaria,

The active ingredients present in these leaves also help in the following:

  • Detoxifying the body,
  • Stimulating hair growth,
  • Preventing cancer,

The enzymes present in these leaves also help to do the following:

  • Stimulate digestion,
  • Prevent symptoms of constipation,

Women also use these leaves to minimize menstrual pain and other symptoms, such as mood swings and fatigue. Lastly, these leaves are known to affect the circulatory system and boost platelet levels, which is important if your body is fighting an infection.

How To Use Papaya Leaves?

There are a few key ways to use papaya leaves, such as in the form of a tea or a juice, or the leaves can be prepared into a face mask or a soothing salve. Papaya leaf juice is particularly popular, and while it does take quite a few leaves to make, the nutrient density and delicious flavour make it worth the effort. The leaves aren’t typically eaten directly, but extracts are often removed for more concentrated medicinal effects.

Papaya Leaf Side Effects

There are some potential side effects of papaya leaf that you should be wary of, such as the following:

  • Allergic reactions,
  • Complications of pregnancy,

An inadequate amount of research has been done on the effects of this leaf on pregnant and nursing mothers, so it should generally be avoided. Furthermore, if you have an allergy to papaya fruit, then you will also experience allergic reactions to the leaf, such as stomach upset and topical inflammation, when applied.

Salient Features of Papaya

Asma Khalid, Mujahid Ali, Dr. Rashad Mukhtar Balal

(College of Agriculture, University of Sargodha)

There is much more blessing of Allah on us and life is one of those as a human, we are the great creatures among all other creatures. It is mechanism of the world that one living thing will feed on another living organism. Citrus, guava, date palm, mango, fruits etc. are cultivated in Pakistan. Papaya is best of them, but the cultivation area is not much more in Pakistan. Papaya is very important nutrional fruit. Papaya is a tropical fruit, which belong to family caricaceae and its botanical name is Carica papaya. It is found in Karachi and Thatta. Papaya has diocious flower.  Its height is about 5-10 m. Single stem tree, berry type fruit. It starts bearing in 10-30 months. Male and female flower appear at separate plants. Female flower is large, yellow in color, 5 petals, and having large ovary. While in case of male flower it is smaller than female flower and born middle or end of the inflorescence stalk, it has 5 petals also. Papaya fruit is oblong, cylindrical, large, fleshy, berry, outer color green, yellow and orange. Small black seeds are present at the cavity of the fruit. Its fruit is ready to harvest when its skin color become yellow. Total annual production of papaya is 6 million tons. Papaya required fertile, heavily manured, light, well drained soils. Tropical region with warm humid climate is preferred for its cultivation. Temperature ranges about 38-40 oC in summer and temperature should not frequently go below 5oC in winter. Annual humidity should be 70%, largest yield can be obtained from earlier 2-3 years of age after this it can’t be used as economical purposes. Papaya harvesting is done when it’s still hard but turning yellow, particularly for distant market. Irrigate the papaya weekly in summer and fortnight in winter. Plants irrigated regularly because lack of irrigation will cause poor fruiting. Papaya can be propagated through seeds, sown directly in ground. Seedlings began flowering in 9-10 months after seed germination. Blooming start after 6 months. Planting distance should be 1.5m. There are many varieties of papaya e.g. red papaya, yellow papaya, green papaya, sunrise, solo, pusa delicious, pusa dwarf, CO-7, red lady, mega doll. Harvest the fruits at its right stage, depending upon the market requirement. For overseas market, harvest when it is 10-15% yellow, or when a yellow color begins to develop in the base of the fruits. The fruits should be hand-picked with the pickers by wearing gloves to prevent bruising by the fingers. The fruit can be twisted upwards to break it from the main stem or a short knife should be used to cut the fruit stem. Do not break the stem too close as this will damage the tissue of the stem at end of the fruit, and it will cause spoilage. The fruit should not be allowed to drop to the ground during picking, as it bruises resulting decay and ripening.

The papaya is highly perishable and should be handled carefully. Rough handling results in bruising and sometimes internal damage which lowers the market value. Throwing of papaya should not be practiced. This results in bruising and sometimes internal damage when the fruit is accidentally dropped. The fruit must be carefully placed in boxes. The bottoms of containers used to transport the fruit from the field to the pack houses, or to the fresh market, should be covered with banana leaves, or tissue-like paper. This is for protection from the problems found during transportation. When packing the fruits for the market, they should be placed in a single layer on their bases or apex point upwards. Remember these fruits should be packed with soft paper material to minimize the bruising, and so prolong the storage and shelf life of the fruits. Packing for export, only pack 8-16 per one piece of ventilated fiberboard carton of 4.5 kg net, that depends on the size of the fruit. If temporary storage is necessary, the packed fruits should be stored in a cool and well-ventilated environment. If longer storage is needed, then store at 10-13oC and 85-90 % R.H. which will extend the life of the fruit from 10 days to a maximum of 3 weeks. If stored at room temperature 25 oC fruits will ripen within 7-10 days. Only excellent quality produce should be placed on the export market to compete with other countries and obtain a decent price for its.

Papaya has good health benefits, such as it gives potential against heart disease. Papayas may be very helpful for the prevention of diabetes and heart disease. Papayas are an excellent source of the powerful antioxidants vitamin C and A. These vitamins help to prevent the oxidation of cholesterol. Only when cholesterol becomes oxidized it stick to blood vessel walls, forming dangerous blocks that can eventually cause heart attacks or strokes.

Papaya promote digestion. The health nutrients found in papaya help to prevent from colon cancer. Papaya contain folate, vitamin C, beta-carotene, and vitamin E helps to reduced risk of colon cancer. Papaya helps in inflammation. Papaya contains several unique protein digesting enzymes like papian and chymopapain. These enzymes help in inflammation and help to improve healing from burns. In addition, the antioxidant nutrients are also found in papaya.

Strong immune system through papaya. Vitamin C and vitamin A are present in papaya, these both are needed for the proper function of a healthy immune system. Papaya is therefore a healthy fruit choice for preventing illnesses as e.g. ear infections, colds and flu. Protection against arthritis. High doses of vitamin C makes osteoarthritis, a type of degenerative arthritis that occurs with aging, vitamin C-rich foods, such as papaya, provide humans with protection against inflammatory polyarthritis, a form of rheumatoid arthritis involving two or more joints.

Papaya can be used in various forms. It can be used as host salad and used in different other recipes. Best way to eat papaya is to eat it like a water melon. After washing it, cut the papaya into two halves and separate the seeds and eat it with spoon. For better taste we can squeeze lemon or lime juice on its top. It should be cut into smaller pieces for fruit salad and recipes. For this salad purpose papaya is peeled with a sharp knife and cut into desirable shape and size. Most of the people eat papaya’s seed as they have delightful peppery flavor. A few serving ideas for papaya are following. Sprinkle fresh lemon juice on papaya and enjoy it with sour taste. Slice papaya length wise and fill with fruit blender combine papaya strawberry and yogurt for cold soup treat.